Digital Transformation of Industrial Companies: What is Management 4.0?
The Industry 4.0 or also known as the 4th Industrial Revolution and its integral part in the digitalization of manufacturing companies cause big interest to researchers around the world. But as to date, the bulk of the work is devoted to the technical aspects of digitalization and business development in Industry 4.0, while the managerial aspect of these transformations remains in the background. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the specifics of the industrial companies’ digitalization in the projection on socio-technical transformations which is, to research the experience of digital transformation in terms of its impact on the process management, which supports the company's activities, including the corporate management. There is no doubt that digitalization is the integration of all processes, including production, logistics, personnel and “smart” objects (machines and products), when the physical environment is closely connected with the virtual one by embedding information and communication technologies. The digitalization within Industry 4.0 allows the creation of new cyber-systems and business models that can significantly improve the value chain of the company, and also, increase the well-being of society and the quality of the environment. Business models created within the framework of digitalization that are fully focused on Industry 4.0 technologies are characterized by its undeniable advantages like shorter production cycle, faster delivery, and, faster time to market for new products with improved features. Industry 4.0 and the digital transformation can definitely help companies enter the new growing markets and create their own unique business models. However, as of today, for many industrial companies, digitalization is just a formality and a tribute to fashion. Therefore, this process is still in its early stages. Digital transformation not only requires strong leadership, but it also requires rational decisions, and strong staff competencies, and with that, researching the specifics of digitalization, particularly in the aspect of transforming company management, seems very relevant.
Governmental support in the formation of economic and intellectual potential of Kuzbass contributes to more comfortable conditions for development of business and improvement of life quality of the population. Strategic branding tools are an effective mechanism which allows building up long-term and trusting relationship with the local people and introducing certain values. The effect of external shocks including the COVID-19 pandemics on the functioning of social and economic spheres also reveal the necessity of their structural transformation and the need for raising digitalization level. The authors of the article suggest a number of strategic initiatives aimed at improving the business reputation of Kuzbass. Kuzbass Trading House can become a centre for promoting Russian hi-tech companies abroad, presenting investment projects. It also can act as an integrator of international engineering projects and a driver for technology transfer. As digitalization tends to spread wider and wider the authors suggest creating an electronic platform «KuzbassTrade» to improve the performance of Kuzbass Trading Centre and build the financial stability of the region. The platform will function as a virtual presentation of products, services and technologies of local representatives of corporate and scientific sectors. State institution «Agency for Investments Attraction and Protection» and leading higher educational institutions and research organizations of Kuzbass should strategically take direct part in creating a unified chain for determining innovative technologies to be implemented (including patent landscape and market niche analysis) and form investment package offers for building new manufactures and consortiums.
The article presents the guidelines of the competency modeling methodology invariant to subject domain, type of activities and psycho-pedagogical platform. The core of this methodology is systematics of the expandable metamodels adaptable to application conditions by profiling mechanism. The methodology is aimed at creating conditions for interoperability of systems and services that make up a digital education, dealing with competency description due to possibility of flexible selection of such interaction level, good information structuring and formalization, selection of competency description units repeatedly used in various contexts, as well as ontological approach. One more purpose of the methodology is preparation of grounds for realization of smart features of digital education technologies: adaptation, inferring, self-learning, anticipation.
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
Global education combines different educational systems and models, which are based on differentiated cultural, ideological, religious, philosophical, and axiological worldviews. Undoubtedly, integration processes are an integral part of globalization - the world becomes "integrated" one way or another. Formation of a unified educatio-nal space is one of the priority tasks of the near future. However, this is not an easy task, which is based on the dichotomy of, on the one hand, preserving national identi-ty, and processes of cultural and educational integration, on the other. Now we can observe the transition of a number of educational processes into the online context and, as a consequence of openness, the acquisition of partially or completely multicultural principles. Of course, in a multicultural context, cultural enrichment, expansion of general and professional outlook, teachers and students face a number of problems, mainly with pragmatic reasons. Despite the processes of globalization and integration, culture of each country, anyway, is reflected in the educational process and, in manyrespects, its causes, which, in turn, entails the specificity of training content, values and objectives of education, teaching methods, pedagogical discourse, the specifics of building educational trajectory, etc. In this paper, we are interested in the study of communication processes in modern education. The problem of edu-cational communication in e-learning environments of different cultural groups will be one of themain challenges. Today’s concept of education means lifelong learning. These processes cause the knowledge-based approach in education to be gradually replaced by competence-based one. Nowadays we can witness a number of educational processes migrating into the Internet and, consequently, their becoming more transparent and more or less multi-cultural. Currently, a significant part of educational process transforms into online format. Obviously, in the modern Educational Environment (EEE), tutor’s didactic functions will be modified, and the problem of an individual approach, motivation and com-mitment of student in the process of learning will rise most sharply. The learning process in the MEE is mostly auto-didactic. So it is necessary to determine the man-ner, in which an individual approach may be realized in EEE, where the nature ofcommunication is predominantly mediated, before designing an individual educati-onal trajectory. In our opinion, an individual approach in a multicultural e-Educational space will look like an adaptation of content and interface to a student’s personal cultural and cognitive profile. Modern learning process becomes autodidac-tic in many ways. The purpose of moderne ducation is to create conditions in which educational path could be formed an dadjusted with the help of a trainee. We believe it appropriate to establish the criteria for determining cultural-cognitive profile of a person, in order to make possible further technical and methodical adaptation of educational content and interface. Control of knowledge and qualification boundary will be realized by “competence-based profile of students”. It is also possible to create advisory service facilitating “build-up” of professional competence according to cul-tural-cognitive profile of an individual. To improve "cultural intelligence" of tutors, we suggest to use online cultural assimilator. 1 On communicative and didactic aspects of mapping an individual study pathway in Electronic Educational environment It is obvious that with the application of Electronic Educational Environment (EEE) the didactic functions of a tutor will be changed, and the whole educational process will become autodidactic. And, before mapping an individual study pathway, one must decide how this individualistic approach will be applied in EEE where there is no immediate communication between students and tutors. When studying via the information technologies, a student is supposed to develop individual learning skills and to get well acquainted with the up-to-date on-line education technologies, which means that the student’s self motivation becomes a more important factor.
Contemporary discussion on the concept of "civilization" raises a number of questions for researchers: what is civilization? Does it make sense to talk about "civilizations" in the plural? What is the relationship between "civilization" and contemporaneity? The relevance of the issues can be confirmed by indicating the appeal to them not only by scientists, but also by politicians and common people. The cultural complexity of the contemporary world leads to the fact that the concepts are used more often, but the clarity of their meanings is largely lost. The article proposes to return to the methodological issue of definition of concepts in order to clarify how contemporaneity functions. To achieve this goal, it is proposed to consider the concept of "civilization" and "civilizations", first, in the historical context, and, secondly, to relate them to one of the most important features of contemporaneity – "late globalization". The author assumes that the undertaken consideration is able not only to clarify the use of concepts, but also to deepen our understanding of contemporaneity, as well as to get closer to the productive meaning of the discussion on "civilizational projects" which is relevant in the Russian context.
In this paper, one of the technologies that have emerged on the wave of the Fourth Industrial (Digital) Revolution - Blochein, and possible prospects for implementation in the railway industry is considered. Like other digital technologies, it has great potential, so in the railway industry, Blockchine can provide high efficiency of processing and storing information.
Proceedings of a meeting held 21-22 November 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The paper questions the concept of “ubiquitous city” as a way to describe changing urban environment in a situation of increased Internet access and time spent online. The author suggests the term "digital porosity" to grasp the non-uniformity, limitations and gaps of digital connectivity (technological, material, spatial, social, etc.). Based on the research of internet connectedness and practices of Internet use in the subways of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the paper states that the extension of the Internet zone and the inclusion of new urban spaces do not automatically increase the connectivity of the city, since the latter depends not only on the availability or the quality of internet communication, but also on the intentions and skills of the internet users and their ideas about the comfort and the possibility of internet connection, the role of subway ride in the broader planning horizons.