Приоритеты студентов российских вузов: обучение, семья, работа
Based on the materials of a survey conducted in 2018, there have been studied the students social ideas concerning development of life trajectories, including relations between young people, marriage, creating a family, the birth of children, responsibility for actions in the interpersonal space, interaction with parents, education and career building. There has been chosen the method of vignettes with the inclusion of five factors-values describing the behavior associated with determining the student life trajectory. Using the vignette methodology and applying logistic regression has allowed us to confirm the most significant values for students (independent variables) based on their approval of the actions of the vignette characters (a dependent variable).
During the undergraduate period, getting a higher education is a priority over starting a family, having a child, employment and parental support. The value of education is 2.3 times more important than the value of creating a family, and 3.1 times more important than having a child. When evaluating actions, the preference for education over family creation is greater for boys than for girls.
Marrying and creating a family during the student years are approved primarily for girls. The probability of the respondents' approval of a young man, marrying or starting a family, is at the level of 29%, while the approval of a girl at the same situation – is 96%. Birth is probably supported for both girls (30%) and boys (19%). Inclusion in employment is only welcome for female characters in vignettes (21%). The importance of parental support is noted only for young men.
Education is an absolute priority for all the respondents. However, for girls during their student years a more intense life trajectory is approved: getting a higher education, starting a family life, having a child, having a job or part-time work. In the traditional sense, family and children are an important component of life for women, but for a modern girl a modernist choice is also necessary – with a focus on a career and employment.