Особенности личных нарративов о достижениях в зависимости от настойчивости
Goal achievement is one of the key factors of psychological well-being. Grit is believed to be the most important predictor of success. It is a non-cognitive personality trait that includes two elements - perseverance in effort and passion for long-term goals. Those demonstrating the grit continue to work despite the setbacks, adversities, and plateaus throughout the process. This study focused on the phenomenology of experience during achieving goals. Based on self-identification of the respondents two groups were formed. Exploratory study with mixed design was conducted. In particular, the qualitative data was analyzed with D. McAdams' narrative analysis method and later examined with the Chi-square test. Open-ended questions related to the influence of grit on the achieving goals capacity were formulated. These questions covered personal aspects as self-esteem, fears, cognitive reappraisal and the formation of coping strategies. Based on the answers eight themes were formed and analyzed: Factors that influence the goals choice, The role of self-control in achieving goals, Experiencing difficulties and failures, Psychological well-being, Obsessive attitude towards goals, Respondents' beliefs about themselves, Generalization of fear. Semantic units within each theme were specified. Fragments of respondents' narratives are provided. Results showed that grit can perform as a mental resource and a supportive factor. At the same time, grit has the downside – it might encourage people to achieve unnecessary goals. Further research is needed in order to understand the relation of the grit manifestation depending on the personal story.