Право на авторство до эпохи авторского права. Западная Европа XII—XIII вв.
In medieval studies, as well as in literary criticism, there is a wide-spread opinion, that the medieval author was very little concerned with his originality and that he rarely claimed any rights we could compare to what we use to call copyright. Thence an avalanche of anonymous and falsely attributed texts of all possible genres. The real progress of literacy in the central centuries of the Middle Ages shows that the question of authorship, authority, anonymity goes far beyond the medieval studies, history of literature or history of law. That is why I propose an overview of medieval “situation of authorship”, as Sergey Averintsev called it. I focus on some great “classics”, like the Roman de la Rose and Dante’s Comedy, as well as on a specific didactic genre, accessus ad auctores, for instance Conrad of Hirsau’s Dialogus de auctoribus, composed around 1135.