Трудовые траектории высокоресурных многодетных матерей
The period of maternity leave for multi-child mothers is generally longer than as compared with mothers with less number of children, and getting to job after a break in combination with an increased volume of family work is more difficult. When high-resource multi-child mothers return to the labor market, they expect not only a “motherhood penalty”, but also a “penalty” for being over-educated with a high probability. The result of resolving the conflict “motherhood vs work” for them most often is either a complete refusal of employment, or finding more flexible options in the field of precarious work, which often means less high requirements for the level of qualification and, as a result, lower income. Based on the series of in-depth interviews conducted by the author in Moscow and Voronezh with high-resource multi-child parents, including a list of questions about the working trajectories of women and also a number of questions about life practices, it is shown that the reverse side of the full or partial leaving from the labor market of multi-child mothers is intensive parenting and setting a high standard for children's education, including a scrupulous selection of educational institutions and a large amount of additional classes. Thus, the complete or partial loss of high-resource women as workers for the labor market is accompanied by a forthcoming significant non-economic effect, since society receives active translators of human capital to a new generation.