This article is focused on the connection between extracurricular sports and alcohol consumption among students in vocational schools (VS). Data collected in 2014 contains information on engagement in individual and team sports and frequency of alcohol consumption by students from vocational schools in St.-Petersburg (29 schools, 2935 students, 77% of them being boys with an average age of 17). Analysis with logistic regressions demonstrates that the effect of extra-curricular sports on drinking is rather low. The main conclusions are: (1) patterns of alcohol consumption are different for boys and girls; (2) team sports are positively related to frequency of drinking; (3) there are no gender differences in the relations between team sports and drinking; and (4) reaching the legal drinking age (18 years old) is more strongly associated with drinking than engaging in team sports. Future studies of adolescent risk behavior are necessary to understand whether these results are unique for extracurricular sports activities or common for all extracurricular activities which involve teams.
В статье представлено формирование социологической концепции Й. Арнасона, выделены ее теоретические источники, раскрыты особенности его подхода к исследованию обществ советского типа, охарактеризованы основные положения анализа советской модели модерна.
Basic Human Values of the Russian teachers are compared with those of their colleagues from the 27 European countries, using the Schwartz Value Survey data collected in the 1990s. It was found that the average Russian teacher is extremely high in Security and extremely low in Hedonism. In addition the Russian teachers often leave their colleagues behind in the scores on Self-Enhancement (Achievement and Power) and Conformity-Tradition but often hang back in the commitment to Self-Direction and Self-Transcendence (the latter combines the values of Benevolence and Universalism). The coincidence between relative value scores of the Russian teachers and the conclusions drawn from cross-country comparison of the national samples as well as value similarity between Russia and some other countries of similar level of economic and political development are discussed. The paper illustrates the disparity between research results and common ideological stereotypes.
In a basis of article lays understanding of the nature of a stranger and the group, offered by G. Simmel. Presence of a stranger is one of necessary elements for comprehension and maintenance of unity of group. Main attention of the article is given to a specific character of interactions of group and stranger, to how group supports its own borders and prevents penetration of a stranger into its community. Reasons why group does not accept stranger and why he cannot become a full-fledged member are considered in the article. It is suggested that group has, supports and constructs its own borders, which, on the one hand, limit what is inside the group, its unity and solidarity. On the other hand, borders prevent approaching of stranger with group and its penetration into internal system of interactions. Borders in the article are understood as special spatial limitations or social practices that determine social interactions.
This article analyzes the theoretical approaches to the investigation of nostalgia in the social sciences. Nostalgia has become an important element of interaction of individual and social consciousness of the past. The concept of nostalgia needs theoretical conceptualization. Now it is used as a convenient metaphor that describes a complex range of emotional experiences associated with the past. This article provides an overview of current concepts of nostalgia and to comment on the further theoretical development of the concept.