«Закон о фейковых новостях» с позиций методологической корректности
The article analyzes the so-called “Fake News Act” adopted in 2019. The author substantiates his main methodological conflicts. Indicates the lack of development of the bill at the level of operating category “fake”. The author uses the concept of pseudo-news as a discrete existing kind of news, which structurally and formally corresponds to the news message, but substantively contradicts the main features of the news (objectivity, reliability, reflection of current reality), in which two types are distinguished: fake and post-truth. Attention is drawn to the fact, that if a fake is a consequence of the unintentional actions of media controllers (the pursuit of sensation, a low level of professionalism, which is manifested in the absence of skills for verifying factual data), then post-truth is the result of a planned technique, the ultimate goal of which is deliberate misinformation of the audience. Proceeding directly from the text of the “Fake News Act” and the rhetoric, that accompanied its discussion by parliamentarians, an unreliable information message, that could disrupt public order and encourage people to extremist activities hides the concept of not fake as such, but post-truth. Post-truth, acquiring a legitimate discourse, is able to create riots and manipulate the mind. These two fundamentally opposite concepts in the text of the document are replaced by each other, and from the side of the authors of the bill they do not receive due methodological attention. It is predicted, that the adopted law will lead to the emergence of transformational processes both in the media industry (redefinition of media actors) and in the social structure of Russian society (at the level of media practices, political orientations, etc.).