An analysis of vacancies for project management professionals of blockchain technologies in the US labor market revealed a pool of necessary requirements and skills to match such a position from the employers' point of view. Several specific competencies for the considered area have been found, which go beyond the framework of international project management standard of competence ICB IPMA.
Based on the results of the analysis, practical recommendations are given on the education and advanced training of future project managers for the applications of blockchain technology in the Russian Federation.
The paper focuses on the attitudes of Europeans to the state monitoring of online public space and personal electronic messages. The technical feasibility of implementing electronic social control faces a public debate on its acceptability and the riskes of turning electronic communication into a virtual panopticon. The paper proposes sociological explanations of the differences in the attitudes of the population to various types of state-provided electronic social control, including socio-demographic and cross-country differences in the countries of the European Values Survey (EVS-2017).
The article consideres various aspects of the visualization of legislation. The rapid development of information technology determines intensive use of visual aids and multimedia tools in different areas of public life. Jurisprudence does not use the full potential of visual aids, that leads to difficulties in the perception of normative legal acts by subjects of law realization. Based on the the analysis of legislative texts studies and possible tools for visualizing legislation, the authors have identified some existing problems and suggested ways of resolving them.
The article proposes a scientific and applied substantiation of modern media consumption trends. Using the method of secondary data analysis, the authors build a predictive model of the functioning of the media institute under the influence of media preferences and media guides of the generation Z – a young audience (15-20 years). New types of media production are explicated: content producers and content distributors. Emphasis is placed on enhancing the personalization of content, that specifically addresses the interests and needs of narrow audience segments. It is determined, that the “new brave world” of media will require completely different professional qualities from journalists, who will have to have not only applied (based on creativity), but also technical skills in order to remain competitive in the modern technological paradigm.
The paper examines the benefits associated with digital technologies in Russian manufacturing enterprises, which act as drivers for management decisions on the implementation of digital technologies. The empirical basis of the study is the results of business tendency monitoring of enterprises for 2019. As the results show, among the expected benefits, the most important are the optimization of production and logistics operations, improving the level of customer service and expanding the customer base.
The article analyzes the so-called “Fake News Act” adopted in 2019. The author substantiates his main methodological conflicts. Indicates the lack of development of the bill at the level of operating category “fake”. The author uses the concept of pseudo-news as a discrete existing kind of news, which structurally and formally corresponds to the news message, but substantively contradicts the main features of the news (objectivity, reliability, reflection of current reality), in which two types are distinguished: fake and post-truth. Attention is drawn to the fact, that if a fake is a consequence of the unintentional actions of media controllers (the pursuit of sensation, a low level of professionalism, which is manifested in the absence of skills for verifying factual data), then post-truth is the result of a planned technique, the ultimate goal of which is deliberate misinformation of the audience. Proceeding directly from the text of the “Fake News Act” and the rhetoric, that accompanied its discussion by parliamentarians, an unreliable information message, that could disrupt public order and encourage people to extremist activities hides the concept of not fake as such, but post-truth. Post-truth, acquiring a legitimate discourse, is able to create riots and manipulate the mind. These two fundamentally opposite concepts in the text of the document are replaced by each other, and from the side of the authors of the bill they do not receive due methodological attention. It is predicted, that the adopted law will lead to the emergence of transformational processes both in the media industry (redefinition of media actors) and in the social structure of Russian society (at the level of media practices, political orientations, etc.).
The article reviews approaches towards measuring practices of Internet use and highlights major pros and cons of described indicators. The examples of research questions addressed using different indicators are also provided. All instruments are classified into macro-indicators that allow describing Internet penetration in a country or a region and micro-indicators that allow estimating frequency of Internet use by individuals. Micro-indicators can also be classified into indicators based on automatically collected data and indicators based on survey data.
The article raises questions of young innovative companies' survival at the early stages of their development, discusses the international research experience of startups business success and failure, and also presents results of qualitative multiple case study. As the objects of study, the authors have chosen startups that completed an acceleration program from the Internet Initiatives Development Fund and have successfully been staying in business during three years from company formation. An analysis of the experience of specific enterprises made it possible to identify the skills and strategies used by the owners of IT startups in the first three years, and evaluate their contribution to the sustainable development of companies
The article considers the phenomenon of state identity and its transformation in the era of society informatization. The author analyzes main trends of information society development that affect shaping of state identity, and the issues that have significant importance for state governance practice: identity multiplicity, identity crisis in the national state, transformation of "citizen-state" relations system.
The article studies the scientific understanding of “breaking news” as a special format of information programs on television. Compositional information TV programs in the format of “breaking news” are built on the principle of narrative. In their discursive strategies, journalists combine direct “hard” information and rhetoric of grief. The results of the author’s online survey «“Breaking news”: the phenomenon of media perception» (n=400) confirmed, that the news about emergency incidents are the most worrisome and worrying for the audience. At the same time, information about them is sought by respondents through television. As for the social effects of news in the format of “breaking news”, the majority of respondents described their reactions as horror. Such strong reactions arise as a result of operating the technology of infothrilling.
The development of information technology opens up new ways for teachers to interact with students. Massive open online courses (MOOC) and blended learning are new educational technologies that are widely used in both the Russian and global markets. Key features of online education implementation in the system of higher education in Russia is an urgent research question. The article describes the existing possibilities of using online learning technology in the educational process, examines international experience, highlights the strengths and weaknesses. A special place is given to an empirical study of the Russian university students attitude to the MOOC.
The article gives definitions of open and linked data. The author refers to the history and background of the development of open data approach and its use and application in scientific research. In order to technically implement the idea of open data the article examines Linked Open Data concept used to publish sets of linked open data.
The article contains the results of consumer attitude study to the automation of communication in the telecommunications market. Four options of interaction between consumer and the company are discovered. The zero hypothesis that consumers are not satisfied with the practice of introduction of answering machines is formed and based on the study results is confirmed. The percentage of the consumer's problem successful solution by the currently existing communication system is determined. The readiness of the target market to communicate its proposals to the company is highlighted, and convenient channels of interaction are identified. The results of the study can be used by Russian telecommunications companies.
Instagram is one of the most popular online platforms among Russian users. When choosing products and services, consumers ask their friends for recommendations. Advertising posts with friendly recommendations from opinion leaders on Instagram have an impact on the purchase decision. Based on an empirical study of food service market in St. Petersburg, the authors found that the engagement rate in an advertising post is lower for big opinion leaders than for small ones; the average cost per thousand (ad reach) is lower for big opinion leaders and lifestyle bloggers.
The article proposes the concept of information campaigns to promote family values with a focus on different target audiences. Special attention is paid to the formation of Pro-family values in the younger generation, as well as family support from the state. Formulated goals, objectives and principles of an information campaign describes its programmatic activities and technology, emphasized the role of the media in the campaign.