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  • Семиотические ландшафты посткоммунистической ностальгии: На примере музеефикации советского прошлого

Article

Семиотические ландшафты посткоммунистической ностальгии: На примере музеефикации советского прошлого

Человек: образ и сущность. 2020. Т. 41. № 1. С. 126-151.

The focuses on the semiotic reflections of post-Soviet nostalgia in
three countries of the former socialist bloc – Germany, Estonia, and Russia. The main
attention is paid to the material and symbolic forms of nostalgia, which manifest themselves
as museumification and commodification of the Soviet past. In the German version,
the phenomenon of nostalgia emerged in the 1990 s, which is reflected in private
and commercial museums featuring everyday life of the GDR. The article compares
two expositions of two Berlin museums. There are several museums in Estonia related
to the Soviet past from the country's history, including museums of occupation. This
article discusses two cases of Estonian commemoration of the socialist period, the grim
KGB museum in Tartu and the ruined remains of Soviet military installations on the
island of Hiiumaa. The paper reveals inconsistency of perception of the Soviet past in
this Baltic country. The Moscow museums of the Soviet toy and the Yandex museum
show the symbolic and material forms of the existence of the Soviet past in modern
Russia in its nostalgic dimension. The article is based on materials from the included
observation and ethnography of museum spaces