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Article

К вопросу о малоизученном факте экспансии местоимений в ижорском языке

Буденная Е. В.

This article presents a diachronic study of third-person pronouns' expansion in the Soikkola dialect
of the Ingrian language (Uralic family, Finnic group). A preliminary analysis of the data revealed that all
personal subject pronouns are by default explicitly expressed. This pattern is unusual for other Uralic
languages, where pronouns are mostly omitted either in all three grammatical persons, or in first- and
second person, in contrast to the third one. To clarify the genesis and reconstruct the potential expansion
of subject pronouns, modern Indrian transcripts were compared with the earliest Ingrian text (19th century
tale), on the one hand, and with the mid-twentieth century narratives (the data of P. Ariste), on the other
hand. The analysis showed that in Ingrian of the 19th century in praeterite clauses third-person pronouns
were mostly omitted, while first- and second person pronouns were usually explicitly expressed. The
records of the mid-XX century reflected a similar asymmetry of the 1st / 2nd vs. of the 3rd person not
only in praeterite, but also in present clauses. Thus, it was reaffirmed that during the 2nd half of the XX
century, a massive expansion of third-person subject pronouns took place in Ingrian . The reasons for this
phenomenon, apparently, are due to Russian infuence in the course of intensively increased contacts after
the 1930s, and can be interpreted as a borrowing a of a subject syntactic pattern.