“Russian User Studies”: первая конференция для исследователей пользователей
At the end of 2018, November 30 - December 1, the research team WrongTech held a scientific and practical conference “Russian User Studies” at the Sociological Institute of the Federal Research and Design Institute for Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in order to bring together developers, practitioners, academic and industrial researchers on one site. 30 conference participants from St. Petersburg,
Moscow, Minsk (Belarus) and Maastricht (Netherlands) for two days discussed such aspects of social research of users, as problems of conceptualization of users and non-users, research methods of (non) users, social and cultural features of technology use, gender aspects of (non) users, postcolonial and indigenous features of technology use,
Academy and Business Collaborations at User Studies. The key topic for discussion in almost all sections was the understanding of the boundaries of the concept users and its possible alternatives. In this regard, the iconic
events of the conference were the plenary report of the famous Dutch non-user researchers Sally Wyatt and the final discussion, “What are the interactions between users and technologies.”
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
The article derives from the results of ethnographic research conducted by the author in 2003- 2010 and draws on fi eldwork data and focused biographical interviews (2007-2010) with technical specialists working in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, and Rostov-on-Don. The goal of the article is to take the area known as data recovery for a case study and illustrate the active part that user communities play in maintaining computerized technologies, developing innovations, and shaping technological service markets.
The article is devoted to a story happened to one of the most awaited videogames over the last years called ‘No Man’s Sky’. The videogame has been developed for five years and during all this time it has been surrounded by hype and media frenzy that produced high expectations. The game was expected to be a breakthrough in the game industry, however when the game was released it received low assessments by the game industry media and negative reviews of the gamers. The developers were accused of not providing the options they showed in trailers. Based on theoretical resources of the platform studies and a notion of demonstration, the authors try to figure out why the game failed. The analysis of trailers and the YouTube users’ comments show that the game failed not as a consequence of direct lies by developers but due to understatement and non-informative character of the game demonstrations which led to various interpretations according to the work of imagination. This is also caused by the barriers that the forms of video game-play demonstrations have as they do not convey true game-playing experiences. On the other hand, the ‘No Man’s Sky’ failure is due to some YouTube specifics being a platform which lets the audience to participate in the creation of something of a ‘media version’ of ‘No Man’s Sky’ reality. The ‘media version’ outperformed the game itself in its grandiosity and scale. The problem was that the developers did not limit the growth of the ‘media version’, and it ended in game failure. Thus, one may talk of a multiple character of modern cultural objects with users participating in their creation.
The aim of the paper is to analyze and identify trends in digital technologies for the insurance market in Russia. Using statistical methods and financial indices, we investigated online sales of insurance policies in Russia since 2012. In our study, calculations of average values were made for the first time (the lack) to evaluate Russian insurance.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests of modern technologies, including Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors show that in case of development and adoption of the Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having a significance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data, content data.
The influence of available information on personal development and on the formation of pseudo-complemented discussed in this paper. Free access to information leads to a sense of «know-it-all» and a wealth of skills and knowledge. This phenomenon can be particularly evident in children and adolescents who have not yet learned social norms, have poorly developed critical thinking and don’t know how to select and analyze information.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.