Концепции цифровой грамотности: российский опыт
The article deals with theoretical approaches describing the notion of digital literacy in Russian scientific publications. There is a high interest in the development of the idea of digital literacy in the world, which is manifested in the rapid growth of publications on this topic since 1997, the number of which by the end of 2018 was in the hundreds. In Russia, the first publications on digital literacy appeared in 2010. By the end of the third quarter of 2018, there were more than 200 publications in the Russian index of scientific citing (RISC) database with the keywords "digital literacy." The author identifies four basic approaches in consideration of digital literacy, found in the Russian-language scientific literature, which differ conceptually from each other, namely: info communication-technological (ICT-approach), psychologicalpedagogical approach, media-information literacy approach and "industrial" approach. The selected areas were understood within the framework of the generalized approach, which is presented in the "Four-component model of digital literacy," proposed by the author of this article in 2015.
The aim of the research was to find factors that allow students effectively use Internet. Study consisted of two parts. Questionnaires were filled by 159 1-3 year undergraduate students of NB SU-HSE. Interview was carried out with 7 undergraduate students of NB SU HSE and 7 IT specialists. Questionnaire had three parts: purpose of Internet use; motivation of Internet use (based on inventory by Arestova, Babanin and Voyskunsky); psychological states in the process of using Internet (based on the inventory FPS by Chirkov). Three hypotheses were tested in the study. Hypothesis 1 was confirmed: students' leading motive while using Internet is a cognitive motive and the main goal - search for information. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed by cluster analysis: students experience dysfunctional states while using Internet. Hypothesis 3 was not confirmed: there are no differences in students' and IT specialists' search strategies.
This volume contains the papers presented at INSCI 2016, the Third International Conference on Internet Science, held on September 12-14, 2016 in Florence. The theme of the conference was "Openness, Collaboration and Collective Action".
The book includes papers by the participants of the international conference on Media and Information Literacy for Building Culture of Open Government (Khanty-Mansiysk, Russian Federation, 7–10 June 2016), which has heralded a new important shift towards using media and information literacy to solve the problems of building open governments and establishing feedback mechanisms between governments and the society.
The article discusses the phenomenon of interconnected glocal hospitality communities which have recently spread over the world in the context of the internet development and cultural globalization processes. It focuses on a typical community of users of CouchSurfi ng.org, a major social hospitality network in St. Petersburg. The author argues that, in the framework of this web service, there occurs a transformation of virtual groups of users localized in various spots of the globe into actual interconnected glocal communities which shape shared identities, norms, values, and practices among its members.
The article describes technological aspects of the human rights protection at the Internet, modern problems and trends, including Web 3.0 concept.
The article is devoted to the problem of communicative features of the constructive structure of the font identity in the city branding sphere. This problem is considered in the framework of the nonlinearity of visual communication based on typology, comparative and structural analysis of the font identity of the world's cities. The article analyzes the brand identity of the city of Murmansk (2015) with the use of qualitative research methods: an expert interview with the designer of Murmansk identity.
This paper explores, mainly from a legal perspective, the extent to which the Russian regulations of traditional TV and online audiovisual media policies have been consistent with the Council of Europe (hereinafter CoE) standards. The study compares between the CoE and Russian approaches to specific aspects of audiovisual regulation including licensing, media ownership, public service media, digitalization, and national production. The paper first studies the CoE perspective through examining its conventional provisions related to audiovisual media, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights as well as the CoE non-binding documents. The paper then considers Russian national legislation governing audiovisual media and the Russian general jurisdiction courts’ practice on broadcast licensing. The paper suggests that the Russian audiovisual regulations are insufficiently compatible with the CoE standards and more in line with the Soviet regulatory traditions.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.