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  • Региональные различия в субъективном благополучии: компенсирует ли социальная политика эффекты неравенства в России?

Article

Региональные различия в субъективном благополучии: компенсирует ли социальная политика эффекты неравенства в России?

Among the goals of social policy there is a specific one that welfare states are particularly interested in. This goal re­fers to a decrease in inequality levels, and consequently, an increase in subjective well-being. But does a successful social policy in fact offset the effects of inequali­ty on subjective well-being? This question has long been an important feature of the research agenda but few give a straight answer to it. This work tests a hypothesis assuming that in regions with relatively low levels of average household income and high levels of inequality social policy can reduce negative effects of inequality by redistributing large budget shares be­tween health care, education and social programs. Two sources of empirical data were used in the study: (1) results of a survey conducted in 34 Russian regions representing the population of these re­gions, (2) objective indicators measuring the extent of social policy tools used in the regions under consideration. To evaluate whether regional social policy is capable of compensating for inequality effects the authors test Bayesian hierarchical mod­els with uninformative and informative prior distributions. The authors conclude that expanding the scope of social policy tools in health care can compensate for the negative effects of the perceived ine­quality on subjective well-being.