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Article

Неравенство успехов и притязаний девятиклассников: уровень локальных образовательных систем

The paper focuses on the opportunities provided by the studies of social equalities at the levels of separate localities. The author analyzes the specifics of inequalities of success and claims in three different types of localities: rural area, small city and large city. The study is based on the data of surveys conducted by the Sociology of Education and Science Laboratory (HSE – St Petersburg) involving 8,965 ninth­graders. The following predictors were tested using linear and logistic regression models: student’s gender, student’s mother’s education levels, parental socio­economical status and cultural capital as well as school’s status. In the case of a dependent variable presented as educational aspirations, tests for school performance were also made. The results obtained were compared using marginal effect calculations. The fndings show that each locality has its own specifcs of social reproduction. Large representative samples can only suggest a possible general logic whereas continuous sampling in particular localities enables a more accurate measurement. In this regard, knowing the local contexts helps to explain the results that were obtained.