ФЕНОМЕНОЛОГИЯ «ЖИЗНЕННОГО МИРА» ГОРОЖАНИНА ВО ВНЕГОРОДСКОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ БЛИЖНЕГО СЕВЕРА: ДОМ И ДОМЕСТИКАЦИЯ
Abstract. The article deals with a phenomenological reconstruction of the «lifeworld» of urbanites who buy houses in the countryside for recreation and begin to create a different, non-urban models of existence, the center of which becomes a rural log house. The empirical frame is made up of the socalled «distant dachas». These are houses bought by urbanites in the villages in the peripheral rural areas located more than 400–600 km from the capitals – Moscow or St. Petersburg. This process is accompanied by the formation of a special «lifeworld» (in terms of phenomenology) among the townspeople with its mental structures such as «home», «hearth», «possession», «historical past», «world of belongings of previous owners», «abandonment in space», «solitude», «significant other», «archaica», et al. In the Near North of Russia, in the villages of the Kostroma Oblast, among the urbanites – summer residents and downshifters, one can observe a special approach to organizing everyday life, based on the individualization of living space with the priority of intangible values that fit into the context of preserving the socio-cultural space of a Russian village.