Wide open qualitative data: the Obninsk digital project as an ethical dispositive
In the age when data became big, the epistemological role of scaling and digital mechanism of datafication came to be on the agenda even in the areas of knowledge traditionally skeptical about any computations. Based on the example of the Obninsk digital project, the authors show how enlargement of data and new operations with them (open access and secondary use of big little data in particular) change design of qualitative research and urge researchers to revise ethical conventions of scholarship developed in the pre-digital age. The Obninsk digital project, which acts as a strategic operator of ethical issues arising in the process of digitalization of qualitative knowledge, they define as ethical dispositive.
This article is an explanation of Python programming for humanities scholars who work in languages that use non-Latin characters. It walks readers through how to generate a database from a website written in Cyrrilic characters and then how to create a program that transliterates the characters into English. The technique is especially useful for scholars working with large amounts of data suitable for transliteration (e.g., names) and publication of that data for an audience that may not understand the names written in a the native script.
The collective monograph, «Langage, pensée et esprit» ("Language, mind and spirit") published in French, presents the outcome of an international research project conducted during the years 2012-2015 by an international group of experts in contemporary philosophy of language and Wittgenstein scholars. The co-authors represent the following universities: University of Bergen, Norway; Université Paris-8 Vincennes Saint-Denis, France; National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia; and Université de Tunis. The monograph examines diverse aspects of L. Wittgenstein's philosophy of language that are of considerable importance for today's philosophy of mind and for the epistemology of contemporary social sciences.
The paper presents a survey on methods, means and practices of electronic text encoding with help of the TEI (Text Encoding Initiative). We focus on the broad range of possibilities and ready-made solutions offered by the TEI Consortium and review a sizeable range of digital publication projects that employ the standard.
6th AIUCD Conference Book of Abstracts contains papers from 6th AIUCD 2017 Conference and associated events (DiXiT Workshop and EADH day)
The paper presents a quantitative research of characters' direct speech patterns in Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. Tolstoy was known to put a lot of emphasis on the language in which his characters express themselves, and conscious modification of their speech is acknowledged as part of the author's literary technique. In an attempt to measure the scope and intensity of such modification, we extracted speech activity instances from the text of War and Peace, associated them with speakers and identified some distinctive features. We then used these features to train a classifier to recognize the speaker according to the speech. Our hypothesis was that if Tolstoy’s characters actually possessed any unique speech characteristics, the classifier would be able to predict the speaker with some tolerable accuracy.
The paper argues that we should rethink the relation between facts and scholarship in the humanities. This thesis should not be misunderstood as an argument for unreflective positivism. But new technological developments in the 'digital humanities' suggest that the collection of facts in machine-readable form (e. g. as 'nanopublications') facilitates new strategies for interpreting, visualizing or archiving information in the humanities. The paper discusses a concrete application of these insights in the history of philosophy, namely the use of nanopublications as an instrument in 'collective doxography'.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.