Сравнительно-правовой обзор зарубежных моделей криминализации отклоняющихся форм сексуального поведения
In the article models of criminalization of acts of sexual nature in various countries are analyzed. It is shown that now sexual oppression, coercion, exploitation and other forms of pressure on the sexual behavior of a person are widespread in social relations. At the same time, a large number of forms of sexual abuse in interpersonal relationships are in the «blind zone» of the legal system in various countries. It can be explained with historical traditions and also standards of sexual behavior prevailing in specific society. At the same time active reforming of criminal precepts of law about sexual crimes is characteristic of the majority of the countries. For comparative research the criminal legislation relating to various types of legal systems has been selected with the broadest geographical coverage. The analysis shows that the legislative solutions in questions of criminalization of the sexual violence violating requirements of the international acts have no significant national specifics. Criminalization of separate sexual abuses is carried out on various models, which can be divided in the volume of the forbidden forms of sexual behavior. Systematization of such models is offered, the most interesting and indicative examples of separate legislative decisions are shown. By results of a research the conclusion is drawn that in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation broad approach with the application of the norms having a general character is used. For ensuring legal definiteness of the criminal law options of a specification of the used terminology are offered. Further improvement of the Russian criminal law appears to be in the differentiation of contact and non-contact sex offences with allocation to separate norm for the acts of sexual penetration (including the sexual intercourse).