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«Право отключиться» как ответ на экспансию труда в нерабочее время: кто им воспользуется

Пак Г. С., Хусяинов Т. М.

In the conditions of the world wide web, modern information and communication technologies, professional activity has penetrated into the non-working hours and the private life of an employee. The modern
trend of protection of the «Right to disconnect» in foreign labor legislation attracts attention of modern researchers. The right gives an employee an opportunity not to respond to messages and calls related to
work during his non-working hours. Similar rules exist in France and Germany and are being formed in
the United States. However, the modern «Risk Society» leaves its imprint, and not every person has the
opportunity to use his «Right to disconnect», being forced to agree to any conditions, including precariat.
Concerning is the fact that not every employee is ready to refuse from the «Connection», because he
wants to continue working during non-working hours for various reasons. Motivation depends on what
sense an individual implies in his actions. In modern Russia, the «right to disconnect» is analyzed in the
context of life purpose strategies. Employment is characterized today as atypical, premature, unstable. In
these conditions, a person’s intention of self-improvement, laid down by the era of modernity, during «the
turbulent times» turns into constant movement, a state «in between». The research shows that for a transitional individual and a follower of the morality of success, the «right to disconnect» does not fit into their
life strategies. A «barbarian», for whom work is an obligation, dreams of «the right to disconnect». For
creative individuals, «the right to disconnect» is a necessary condition for their creative being. The future
of mankind depends on the ratio of «barbarians» and «creators»