The problems of foreign language communication in a polylogue are considered. The influence of interpersonal relationships of the participants on communication in a small group is studied. The charasterisic features of polylogue as a form of group communication and the parameters of an effective polylogue are studied. Both the motivational factors of verbal communication and the psychological barriers to communication are listed. The interdependence of sociometric status and verbal behavior of the polylogue participants is investigated. Means and instructional techniques of optimization of the verbal behavior of communicants with a low sociometric status are identified.
Perfectionism as a psychological phenomenon has been researched quite extensively in recent years, both in Russia and abroad. However, the impact of perfectionism on the teaching/learning process, particularly foreign language teaching and learning, is still far from being an object of systematic theoretical study in this country. In view of the above, the article is aimed, firstly, at systematizing Russian research findings in this field; secondly, at providing an overview of recent international research on perfectionism and its effects on teaching/learning in general; thirdly, at analyzing literature on how perfectionism affects the process of foreign language teaching/learning, with particular reference to the concept of foreign language anxiety (FLA) and the relationship between FLA and maladaptive perfectionism. The article emphasizes the fact that a statistically significant negative correlation was observed between learner perfectionism and certain linguistic skills, thus proving that maladaptive perfectionism and, consequently, FLA contribute substantially to reducing the efficiency of foreign language learning. In view of the research findings outlined above, the article pays particular attention to summarizing the recommendations provided by a number of authors as to how the destructive influence of maladaptive perfectionism on foreign language teaching/learning can be minimized.
The book contains a collection of the materials of the International conference which took place in Moscow Region State University on September, 26-27, 2014. The problems discussed relate to the theoretical aspects of cross-cultural communication, the systemic and structural aspects of foreign languages, stylistics, lingual typology, terminology, terminography and virtual communication. The book is intended for philologists, researchers, post-graduate students and University students.
This study examined perfectionism as a multidimensional personality factor which influences foreign language learning and classroom anxiety. Hierarchical regression analyses confirmed that the two dimensions of perfectionism, adaptive and maladaptive, relate to Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) differently. After controlling for the effects of general anxiety, perceptions of academic performance, and self-reported English fluency, perfectionistic discrepancy (maladaptive aspect) was a significant predictor of FLCA; perfectionistic standards (adaptive aspect) was not. Results indicated that this multidimensional nature of perfectionism affects Russian students in the context of foreign language classroom anxiety. Implications regarding the prevention and intervention of maladaptive perfectionism among students are discussed, as well as directions for future studies. These findings are important for teachers, students, and experts who may interact with FLCA and perfectionism as well as those who may personally experience it. The possible strategies to reduce anxiety could include discussing unrealistic beliefs and expectations with reference to foreign language learning, accepting mistakes as an integral part of foreign language learning as well as coaching.
Technology of electronic distance course development was created. This technology is useful for developing training tutorial of foreign languages. Firstly, it can be integrated into the LMS and can be used online as a web service. Secondly, it can be used as a standalone desktop tutorial. A helpful tool tip was added. The tip contains grammar information and English translation for each separated word in the tutorial. With the help of this technology there was created a distance course for Russian language as a foreign one. Additionally, on the basis of Russian National Corpus there was organized a tool for search and extraction of actual sentences with examples of word usage.