The primary elections of United Russia party serve as a tool for party organization and voter mobilization. In the run-up to the 2016 national legislative elections, the strength of United Russia’s regional political machines was tested in a massive campaign of intra-party elections. This study traces the history United Russia’s primaries in 2007-2011, which allows for arriving at a better understanding of the multiple roles played by quasi-democratic institutions in an authoritarian political context. On the basis of these findings, we employ United Russia’s capacity to mobilize voter turnout in primary elections as an indirect indicator of the strength of party-controlled political machines. Our analysis of the results of the 2016 Duma elections in 83 regions of Russia demonstrates voter turnout in the spring 2016 party primaries of United Russia to a significant extent explain cross-regional variation in party success.
This paper addresses the link between the strong inflow of FDI into Russia in the 2000s and its weak institutions, using plant-level data across subnational regions. The findings imply that investors have responded positively to improve quality of institutions in certain regions, which offered a combination of wealth, skills and good infrastructure. High development levels in host regions helped to bypass some institutional shortcomings. Investors from soure countries exhibiting comparable institutional environment appeared to be more immune to political conflict. Round trip investors reacted to institutional determinants in almost the same manner as genuine investors, except for tolerance to labor market imperfections
Collected artictes contain papers of master students from Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Ural State Economic University, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Saint-Petersburg State University, Novgorod State University named after Yaroslav the Wise, the Cracow University of Economics (Poland), Bulent Ecevit University (Turkish Republic) and other universities on current problems and prospects of development of the Russian Federation and cooperation with other countries in the current socio-economic conditions. Materials of interuniversity conference has an interest for researchers, graduate students, undergraduates and students as well as professionals in the field of economics, finance, management, marketing, commerce, quality and logistics, tourism, sociology, public municipal management, linguistics and law.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the degree of differentiation of the Arctic regions of Russia in terms of the main indicators of social and economic development, the dependence of their economy development on the raw materials industries, which are necessary for the formation of an effective regional policy by the state to achieve the strategic goals of development and development of the Russian Arctic zone
The article considers economic cooperation of Russian and German regions. Some examples of such cooperation are analyzed and a number of reasons impeding its development is stated. Based on the analysis, the author marks out the fields of cooperation, which should be accentuated in further development.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.