"Добро пожаловать в клуб": положение женщин в советской науке 1920-х годов
The paper is devoted to the position of women in science in the early soviet period, when several reforms were made to promote gender equality in this sphere. It was the first time in the country, women got an institutionally guaranteed opportunity to be professional researchers or teachers in universities. Empirically, the paper is based on archived data and uses the lists of female ‘research workers’ – residents of Moscow and Leningrad in the late 1920s – supplemented with the documentary materials on their social and demographic characteristics and positions in science and higher education. As a result of a statistical analysis of this information, the authors discuss the structure of the soviet female scientific (sub)community in the period critical for its development. Also they seek to determine whether the institutional changes have actually helped the inclusion of women in science, or just transformed ‘the stone walls’ into ‘the grass celling’.