Нейропоэтика как область когнитивных исследований: методы регистрации активности мозга и движений глаз в исследованиях восприятия и порождения поэтического текста
The review discusses a representative set of studies within such a new trend of cognitive research as neuropoetics. Basic premises of this research area are traced, among which of special interest are guiding principles and research questions touched upon in cognitive poetics as a previous attempt to investigate poetry on the junction with cognitive science constituing disciplines. A brief overview of neuroimaging methods is provided, including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography with registration of event-related potentials (ERP) of human brain. The studies into neural correlates of classical British poetry reception using these methods are discussed, including some attempts to test specific hypotheses about “functional shifts” in William Shakespeare's works. As an example of investigation how cultural practices influence human brain, the neuroimaging studies into the impact of fiction and poetry reading experience on the brain correlates of poetry reception are addressed. A complementary research area is formed by a local set of experiments studying neural correlates of lyrical improvisation. Last but not least, a number of studies using eyetracking and pupillometry in poetry reading ara analyzed. Some results of comparative studies of prose and poetry reading are outlined, together with eyetracking experiments probing into the reception of some literary techniques (enjambments) and versification elements (rhyme). Some possible research perspectives are proposed.