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Article

Динамика некоторых показателей общего человеческого капитала россиян в 2010–2015 гг.

Тихонова Н. Е., Каравай А. В.

The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the labor law against the background of fall of the real incomes of employees in the 2000-s. In these conditions, interest of employers in the human capital of employees should have led to the noticeable growth of its indicators. However, in reality it does not happen since the "premiums" on the quality of human capital are very low and have been falling since the second half of the 2000-s. Even situation with human capital of the groups that are more well off in this regard against the background of others (professionals and workers) is unfavorable. In spite of the fact that the number of people with higher education occupied in the Russian economy is more than 1.5 times higher than the number of the existing positions of the professionals, about a quarter occupying these positions have no higher education, and over a half work not in their main specialization nor in the adjacent one. The situation with human capital of workers does not look any better – they mostly have no professional training on a profile of their work activity, except for on-the–job training. All this means that the Russian employers in their majority are not interested in the growth of Human Capital of their employees. This contributes to the movement of the Russian economy along an extensive path of development as opposed to the technological breakthrough of the country and the growth of its competitiveness.