Эволюция изучения проблематики конфликтов в контексте международной безопасности в постсоветской России.
Article considers formation of the Conflict Resolution studies in Russia as a sub-discipl;ine within the politiucal sceince.
The paper refers to the issue of the Security Council in the resolution of the international disputes in the presence of the veto right of the five permanent members of the Council and their diverging interests in ongoing armed conflicts. The article provides an analysis of the conclave form of decision-making process. Taking into account the historical experience, the article encourages using the ‘conclave’ format in the Security Council's work in order to provide a subjective right of peace.
This chapter describes basic approaches to the study of socio-psychological climate of the organization and its structural components and the formation factors, discussed problems of diagnosis of socio-psychological climate and its relationship to job satisfaction and efficiency of joint activities. General description of the conflicts in the organization, their typology and the main methods of conflict resolution are presented.
UN Security Council resolutions are an important source of law for the international system of combating with money laundering and terrorist financing.
The article covers principal provisions of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea. The study focuses on the specifics of acting legal regimes of liability for failing to preserve goods under carriage by sea and shows the necessity to make a uniform legal regulation. The article also shows wide boundaries for applying the new Convention compared to the apllicable one and the liability kept by the carrier for failing to preserve goods and for delaying its delivery. The difference has been given between negotiable and non-negotiable transport documents, and an electronic transport record has been described as an alternative to a «hard copy» document. The article is also supplied with considering issues of period of time for suit, jurisdiction, and arbitration.
UN Convention, regime of liability, expanding scope of action, liability for failing to preserve goods, delay in delivery, transport document, electronic transport record, period of time for suit, jurisdiction, arbitration
The authors discuss why conflicts emerge and how they are settled in different African regions and countries. Prospects for their peaceful resolution are studied. Basing on case studies, the authors propose theoretical approaches to conflicts.
The decision-making system in international organizations is still very conservative. The composition of the international forums that can generate significant international instruments has not changed for centuries. Only diplomats and representatives of international organizations whose credentials confirmed in a certain way admitted to international decision-making. The only exception to this rule is the International Labor Organization (ILO), which works on the principle of tripartism. The ILO in its work involves not only the representatives of the states, but also representatives of employers and workers from each of the member states of the ILO.
Internet Governance Forum, under the auspices of the UN, UNESCO and the International Telecommunication Union, is established in 2006 on the basis of the World Summit on the Information Society, which is today the world's most authoritative international discussion forum on Internet governance, not fully use their potential in order to best regulation of international Internet governance processes. The basis for this regulation is multistakeholder approach, which consists in a multiplicity of categories of decision-making mechanism, which includes, in addition to the traditional representatives of states and international organizations, civil society, business, academic and technical community, the media, and other interested stakeholders.
This research is expected to provide guidance in improving the global Internet governance arrangements, taking into account the interests of all categories of participants, as well as to establish rules of procedure for decision-making based on multistakeholder-approach in the Internet governance to give the Internet Governance Forum the opportunity to adopt international “soft law” instruments. An example of this is the Draft Charter of rights and principles on the Internet, developed by Dynamic Coalition on Human Rights and the principles of the Internet Governance Forum - a kind of analogue of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights with regard to the Internet. The need to take human rights instruments on the Internet determines the direction of the development of programs and policies in global Internet governance and role of the Internet Governance Forum in these processes.
The application of mathematical modeling methods (with subsequent computer sales) to determine the parameters of accuracy geometry bands obtained with the new equipment and process the step deformation bands of hard alloys based on copper