Digital Humanities в истории психологии (на примере фамилии В.М. Бехтерева)
The article discusses the problems and prospects for using the methodology of Digital Humanities in the historical psychological studies. The authors present the results of the search and analysis of the mentions found for the name of the outstanding psychophysiologist, psychoneurolo-gist, and psychologist Vladimir M. Bekhterev (1857-1927) in the body of texts in the Google Books system in Russian and English languages. Hypotheses are advanced regarding the high or low frequency of references. The dissemination of the scientist’s ideas in various scientific fields is analyzed in both Russian and English. The results of the mentioning frequency study on the names of Vladimir Bekhterev and Lev Vygotsky are compared to define the factors that determine the use of the name and these scientists’ ideas. The advantages and disadvantages of qualitative and quantitative analysis and interpretation of texts within the framework of digital humanities are shown.
Article contains analysis of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on freedom of expression, in which the Court had to balance public interest against the protection of commercial structures from unfair competition or injury to their business reputation.
Online petitions are usually regarded as one of the most popular channels to involve citizens in the political process. In our paper we have analyzed texts and voting data (pro and against) from 9705 e-petitions submitted from 2013 until 2017 at Russian Public Initiative project. Analysis of dynamics showed stabilization of interest to this resource (emergence of a new authors, growth of “strong” petitions etc.). Studying success factors of electronic petitions at the Russian public initiative project we found out that the topic and lexical information are significant factors, as well as the level of petitions.
The paper treats the issue of identity of the ego, which constitutes the central problem of personology. The skeptical approach to this problem, which sees it as not being subject to be resolved by means of science, began with D. Hume's work. Contemporary personologists (P. Ricoeur and others) approach this problem through study of culture, which imparts the ego with «narrative identity». Cultural historic psychology is a «Bridge of interpretations», upon which philosophy of culture meets psychology, and psychological data associated with «personality» are interpreted on the basis of some specific cultural philosophic theory. The «conflict of interpretations» plays and essential role in personology, which participates in the processes of emergence and overcoming of the cultural crisis. Philosophical and methodological problems that define the near term perspective development of personology are formulated: whether there are any «ego invariants» that remain regardless of any possible cultural determination; whether the ego possesses any rigidity in relation to cultural determination and, if it does, what is the nature of this rigidity; whether ego identity is destroyed when cultural determination diminishes or ceases, etc.
In the book the issues of translation and interpretation are discussed by the worldwide leading scholars involved into translation.
The article deals with the interpretation of Faust in B. Purishev's works, titanism and inconsistency in his interpretation of the eternal image is highlighted.
This article presents the analysis of blogs — a new text type in the Internet. The texts are discussed from the perspective of text linguistics. Nowadays, Internet texts gain increasing popularity with the users; however, traditional methods of text linguistics are not capable of revealing the many-sided nature and uniqueness of the given types of texts. Therefore, introduction of new criteria of the analysis and estimation are essential for the fundamental analysis of the new phenomena in text linguistics.
A Casebook aims at enhancing language and communicative competences of master students of law through teaching legal textology in English at research workshops as the primary training form. A major aim consists in integrating linguistics, specifically text linguistics, and law. A new teaching methodology employed draws largely on comparative and text linguistics, comparative law, as well as intercultural communication. The selected case-studies address the less elaborated law fields: indirect discrimination at workplace, I-space regulation and IT-fraud as part of cybercrime against the on-going IT advancement. These topics as vaguely defined legal areas with few statutory remedies and insufficient enforcement background are viewed in couple with sociocultural, economic and philosophical factors. A Casebook is designed for LLM students but may draw interest of much wider range of MA students in humanities, as well as their tutors.
The results of research of different areas of personality of homeless men: values, life attitudes, activity, homelessness area is presents. The data indicate the presence of a number of characteristics inherent in varying degrees all homeless people. The data obtained can be used to build an effective program of psychological re-socialization of homeless people.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.