Empty Homes, Longer Commutes: the Unintended Consequences of more Restrictive Local Planning
We investigate the impact of land use regulation on housing vacancy rates. Using a 30-year panel dataset on land use regulation for 350 English Local Authorities (LAs) and addressing potential reverse causation and other endogeneity concerns, we find that tighter local planning constraints increase local housing vacancy rates: a one standard deviation increase in restrictiveness causes the local vacancy rate to increase by 0.9 percentage points (23%). The same increase in local restrictiveness also causes a 6.1% rise in commuting distances. The results underline the interdependence of local housing and Labour markets and the unintended adverse impact of more restrictive planning policies.
Paradigm Shifts. Patterns and dynamics of innovation processes in urban planning and design.
Through the case study of the paradigm shift from modernist housing estates to compact mixed-use urban neighbourhoods this study investigates how profound novelties enter the discipline of urban planning and design. It neither focuses on the reasons for change (why?) nor on its results (what?), instead it seeks to provide insights on how a novel approach is created, disseminated and established as new routine. It finds that the compact mixed-use city model has been collectively produced and shaped by actors in an intense search for a new consensus in a milieu of heightened uncertainty, and it was successfully spread and established by referring to pressing needs in rather arbitrary ways. The study contributes to basic research in the fields of planning theory and planning history. The object of this research is the transformation in the conceptualization and planning of new housing estates in the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria from the 1960s until today. The field of housing estates was one of the origins of the paradigm shift under investigation. As the provision of large-scale housing continues to pose a challenge to contemporary policy makers, understanding how novelties enter this field is of high importance.
The article attempted to analyze the categories of "dwelling" and "accommodation" with the doctrinal and normative point of view. Analyzed the jurisprudence of the Perm region in matters of classification of premises in office and industrial buildings to the category of dwelling. Attempted to identify the criteria for allocation to the residential premises.
In the Soviet Union the housing stock was mainly state-owned. In urban areas state ownership accounted for 79%, in the largest cities up to 90% of the housing stock. Today, about 85% of the urban housing stock is private.In accordance with socialist ideology, rents and housing costs for citizens were nominal and housing was heavily subsidised by the state.The implicit aim of housing privatization was therefore to shift responsibility for the maintenance of the housing sector to consumers.after 20 years of privatization Russia has become a country of poor owners, who cannot afford property maintenance and taxation.Unfortunately, we do not see any positive news and plans about the rental housing stock in Russia
This article joins the ongoing critique of urban policies of crisis management in the US, which, in many cases, resolve through diﬀerent practices of public housing commodiﬁca-commodiﬁca-tion – fragile industry that is on the verge of extinction under capitalism. For instance, a so-called access to aﬀordable housing for all through the subprime mortgage loans prior2008 economic crisis, in fact, led to the foreclosure of three million houses following evictions of their tenants. These and other speculations on the public housing market areconsidered in this article as a part of a crisis as such.
We study the economic effects of public investments in historic amenities by looking at their impact on house prices. We distinguish between direct and indirect effects of investments. A nationwide housing transaction is used as well as data on investments in cultural heritage. A 1 million euro per square kilometre increase in investments in cultural heritage leads to a price increase of 1.5–3.0% of non‐targeted buildings. We do not find evidence that the maintenance state of non‐eligible properties is improved, suggesting that any price effect due to investments in cultural heritage is a direct effect of investments.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.