• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
Menu

Article

Перформативные речевые практики в политических коммуникациях власти и населения 1940-х годов

Чащухин А. В.

In the article I try to read through the prism of the theory of performativity of one of the sources on the history of the Stalin era. At the party language, these documents were called "the questions raised by the workers at meetings, lectures, conversations". This genre of reporting, appearing in the 1920s, was widespread during the Great Patriotic war and continued to exist in subsequent periods. These documents were reports of political education among the workers and recorded the public reaction to the ongoing political action. This source allows to reveal some features of the public mood of the Stalin era, to understand the nature of political communications between the government and the population better. The reports demonstrate the views of the agitators on the political norms and deviance. Based on the analysis of the documents of the war and postwar period, we can come to certain conclusions. During the war, in the views of workers the political space of the imaginary has expanded. In the sphere of actual knowledge for workers not only enemies and allies were, but also countries such as Argentina, Turkey, Iran, China, Greece. Meanwhile, the extension of the imaginary political map was accompanied by extreme narrowing of the time perspective. This was due to the fatigue from the mobilization of the military system. Social expectations of workers increased drastically after the war. The split between expectations and saving mobilization military model created the basis for social tension and conflicts between the population and local leadership. In this connection, the conflict received some recognition in the framework of the propaganda of the institutions created by the authorities. Lectures on the international situation and campaigning activities became a platform which the worker has received a demanding voice on.