Источниковедческие подходы к изучению популярной музыкальной культуры США и Великобритании ХХ в.
The article considers the specifics of audiovisual historical sources in popular musical studies and describes the main steps of the source analysis, focusing mostly on American and British popular music of the 20th century. The understanding of the specifics of audiovisual sources and popular music developed in the fields of audiovisual studies and popular music studies set the general framework for a source study of audiovisual sources in popular musical culture. Popular music is a complex social institute: lyrics, musical form, production and music recording are equal components of a popular music. The analysis of popular music should take into account all these elements. The researchers do not study exclusively written sources (scores and transcriptions which are not often used in popular music industry). It has significantly expanded the empirical base: from audio sources and live recordings to musical artifacts (clothes of musicians, musical instruments, and medium) and music clubs or record-studios. Accordingly, the specific ‘language’ of audiovisual sources is due to the peculiarities of production, presentation and distribution of musical products in the cultural industry. As an example, the author considers the specifics of the music industry and culture in the United States and Great Britain in the 20th century, focusing on sound recordings, music media and music distribution in these countries. Finally, the article highlights several stages in the source study of popular musical: collecting general information on a source (its history; structure; elements of the author’s style; authorship; the features of a source record; socio-cultural context of its creation; reception; forms of distribution); genre characteristics of a source; ‘content’ of a source (lyrics analysis, musical form); presentation (artistic design, style of live performance, entourage); audience (audience composition, reception).