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Article

ЗАВИСИМОСТЬ ПРОДОЛЖИТЕЛЬНОСТИ ЖИЗНИ ОТ УРОВНЯ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ В РОССИИ

Вопросы статистики. 2017. № 8. С. 61-69.
Т.Л. Харькова, Никитина С. Ю., Е.М. Андреев

This article is devoted to the study of the differences in mortality rates between population groups with different educational levels in Russia after 1979. It also assesses the contribution of changes in the mortality rates within different educational groups and the educational structure of the population to changes in the life expectancy of the entire population. This work is based on state statistics covering the breakdown of the population and the deceased by levels of education. The distribution of the population by age, sex and levels of education was calculated on the basis of the censuses of 1979, 1989 and 2002, and the micro-censuses of 1994 and 2015. Similar data on the deceased for 1979 and 1989 are contained in tables of vital statistics provided by statistical offices as annual reports. Data for 1998 and 2015, was obtained by further development of anonymous micro-data on the number of deceased collected by the Rosstat. The study showed that the change in the educational structure of the population contributed most to the increase in life expectancy of both men and women at the ages of 30 to 69 in 1979 – 2015. Another positive contribution was made by the decrease in mortality in all age groups of the population with higher education, and at the age of 50 and older in groups with secondary education as well