Язык и идентичность польской этноязыковой группы в Нижнем Новгороде
The following research article is devoted to the problem of self-identification of ethnolinguistic groups in the context of a modern city. The relevance of the present study is determined by the need to identify alternative factors that affect the preservation of the language and identity of small minority groups in modern urbanized environment. Polish ethnolinguistic group has been made the object of the present study, as self-identification of the group in this case depends on a set of contradictory factors and multidirectional tendencies. The obtained results prove that the native language does not determine the process of self-identification of the members of Polish ethnolinguistic group, but the pragmatic factors are the ones, that encourage mobilization of national feelings. All in all, it can be concluded that in modern urbanized environment without the support of official authorities the preservation of the ethnic identity and language of small ethnolinguistic groups is possible due to a complex approach, based on traditional values ( native language, religion, culture) as well as modern tendencies ( prestige of the group, financial benefit).