Возможности применения стратегии смешивания методов при изучении сообщества глухих и слабослышащих
The analysis of the methodological and analytical experience of conducting the mixed methods research of deaf and hard of hearing people is considered in this article. Ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities makes sociological study of people with various forms of disability especially relevant. At the same time, people with disabilities in most studies are analised as a homogeneous group which does not require differentiation of methods of their study. The lack of attention to people with hearing impairments, as an objects of various studies, usually leads to the use of research design, which ignores the cultural and linguistic features of this community. R.Winiarczyk and E.Wilson note that understanding of complex phenomena such as "culture of the deaf" can not be achieved by using only one research method. They suggest combining in-depth interviews, focus groups, surveys, observations and analysis of natural Documents within one study in order to obtain an valid result. In the described study was used the consecutive mixed methods design, in which the first qualitative stage allowed the full understanfing of the "Deaf culture" notion and selection of indicators for specific cultural practices of the community of people with hearing impairments. This information was later used during condicting a mass poll of deaf and hard of hearing respondents. The use of such design is optimal when the researcher needs the revealing of certain concepts and instrumental elaboration of concepts related to poorly studied groups. In general, the analysis of the structure of interrelated practices, preferences and motives of cultural consumption, which form the patterns of cultural consumption of the deaf and hard of hearing people, made it possible to identify three key sustainable models: "cultural inclusion," "cultural isolation," and "passive cultural consumption". Interrelation of both stages of the study allows us to conclude that specific cultural practices play a special role for deaf and hard of hearing people. Moreover, cultural institutions perform primarily communicative and social functions.