Альтруизм как модератор связи отношения к культурному многообразию и аккультурационных ожиданий принимающего населения
The article serves as an overview and discussion of the relationship between altruistic and egoistic individual patterns of perception and behavior. The vector of the analysis is set by the discrepancy between social scientiﬁ c and everyday discourses of care. Care is analyzed in the framework of the concept of moral foundations based on the results of anthropological research. Caring is viewed also as a tool of political and ideological pressure on the macro level and in the ﬁ eld of organizational relations. From the standpoint of neurobiology and psychology the potential for integration of care of the Self and of the Other is oﬀ ered in the theory of identity. Using of Moral motives' theory as a framework for understanding of moral identity allows interpreting of the care of the Self as a study of the Self and going beyond the Self. Category of the care acquires transcendental nature — it is not the care about the Self integrity and individual wellbeing, it is a truly human way of being.
This chapter addresses changes in immigration trends and their psychosocial effects in post-Soviet Russia. Russia is currently the world’s second most populous country (after the USA) in terms of its immigrant population, with most coming from the Central Asian States (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) and China. The chapter begins with an examination of the social issues that immigrants must face. The research focuses on Moscow as the most attractive destination for immigrant workers. The chapter presents the findings of an empirical study conducted on the reciprocal acculturation between immigrants and the host society in Moscow. The study examines the correlations between the immigrants’ acculturation attitudes and the host society’s acculturation expectations and perceptions of the immigrants. More specifically, the study focuses on how measures of integral security (including physical, cultural and economic security) influence the host society’s attitudes towards immigrants.
This edition, consisting of the book (Part 1 – "the Persistence stay with you") and CD (Part 2 – "Something that leads us into the depths of ourselves"), includes articles, translations and discussions on interdisciplinary research of the phenomenon of care of the Self and its understanding in various humanitarian sciences. The edition is intended for everyone interested in the problems of personal self-development, transformation, and formation of themselves as an individual, representative of society, culture and profession.
In the articles, reviews and abstracts submitted to your attantion under analysis are issues of social theory, empirical sociological studies, history of sociology. The contributions discuss the actual tendencies and perspectives of sociological science in Russia and abroad.
The article is devoted to the study of ethnic structure of the population in Russia and former USSR as well as the dynamics of ethnic processes by the means of mathematical and cartographical modeling. Integrated indicators are developed to estimate ethnic diversity in Russia and former USSR (ethnic diversity index and its modification - ethnic diversity index adjusted for the ability to speak Russian), maps are created on the basis of the derived indicators, claster analysis is produced to develop a topological classification of regions on their ethnic composition. Finally the forecast of ethnic structure of the population up to 2030 is given.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.