The paper presents the results of adaptation of questionnaire for measuring monetary attitudes called Klontz Money Script Inventory. The questionnaire was translated into Russian by authors of following article; afterwards the back-translation was used for original version comparison. The cognitive interviews were conducted for adjustment of questionnaire’s text, whereupon the inventory was tested on Russian speakers. The study was conducted during two months; the sample size was 200 respondents aged 18 – 25. The adopted version of Furnham’s questionnaire was used as a control. The paper describes the sample psychometric characteristics and confirmatory analysis results (CFA). The questionnaire template is presented in Appendices 1 and 2.The translated and adopted version of questionnaire is supposed to be useful in diagnostic and research purposes.
The paper summarizes the outcomes of the Round table "Coaching in Organizations: Theory and Practice", which took place in the framework of the International Conference "Anan'evskie Chteniya - 2014: Psychological Support of Professional Activity" at the Faculty of Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University. The views of experts with extensive experience of coaching in practice for a number of actual issues and prospects of coaching (including business-coaching) in Russia are presented. Particular attention is paid to the role of psychology in the development of coaching as a new type of professional activity, and the need to attract attention to coaching from the scientific community is emphasized. The authors are confident in the bright future of coaching in Russia: as not only the interest increases in this area, but companies and private customers are increasingly bought coaching sessions for managers and employees.
The article describes the consistency and the structure of the scales assessing networking behavior of a person, as well as those scales’ correspondence to an a priori theoretical model and empirical data. The theoretical grounding of the strategies’ psychological contents is presented via the analysis of social behavior phenomena. Confirmatory factor analysis based on the data received from 241 subjects showed that the strategies of normative partnership (Cronbach's Alpha = 0.73) and interpersonal pragmatism (0.77) correspond in their contents to the expectations, the contents of the personal promotion strategy (0.82) had partial empirical confirmation. It is shown that the correlations of all 4 strategies included in the model (including altruistic investment) confirm its validity.
In this paper we consider the comparative analysis of interrelation between parameters of religiosity and work attitudes among the two faith-based groups (Russian Orthodoxy and Sunni Muslims).
In the study, it raises the question of differences in work attitudes, work activities and the role of religiosity in this concepts among the Russian Orthodox and Muslims in the Russian Federation.
The research was carried out on the sample of the international cross-cultural study European Social Survey (ESS), which was led in 2010. Results of the study demonstrate insignificant differences in work attitudes among the two faith-based groups. Significant interrelations of components of religiosity with work attitudes and work activities were revealed.
For the Russian Orthodoxy and Muslims religious activity, which was manifested in the frequency of to attendance in religious services, contributes an increase satisfaction in the main job and being contented with the balance between time on job and time on other aspects. However it was shown that the higher frequency of to attendance in religious services leads to a representation that their salary doesn’t depend on their own efforts and achievements in work two faith-based groups.
The article discusses personality networking behavior as a mechanism of building the social capital in a social network. The concepts of social and functional roles, social exchange theory, social network analysis (network role discovery) and the phenomenon of social capital are included to explore the problem. Theoretical and empirical studies are brought together to explain the connections between an individual and his or her network position in a social structure, as well as his or her networking behavior. We assume that personal networking strategy relies on values and is actualized in a certain way of social behavior, thus helping to exert the individual’s influence on his or her social capital buil. This construct allows as to understand personality as both pursuing some personal goals and working on social capital formation of social network.
The paper traces the intersections between the problem of attention in the classical psychology of consciousness and a set of related problems discussed in the state of the art cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Among them are issues related to the demarcation between processing which could be performed without attention and processes which require attentional involvement. The experimental data related to the perception of complex visual scenes and statistical characteristics of many simultaneously presented objects are analyzed. A brief review of paradoxical results obtained by the authors is provided, including experiments in the statistical representation of visual ensembles and unitization during visual search for letters in large letter arrays containing words. Fundamental paradoxes in the studies of attention and consciousness in cognitive psychology are summarized.
The paper is devoted to the new construct in social psychology - socio-psychological capital of a person. The necessity of its introduction to the conceptual apparatus of social psychology is justified. Analysis of the concept is conducting in a way of how it can be integrated in intercultural relations of such multicultural society as Russia. This article contains definition of socio-psychological capital of a person, description of its structure, possible predictors and effects.