The first volume involves the Russian Federation as a common denominator with either Norway (oldest multilateral region in the Arctic) or the United States (sharing with Russia the longest maritime boundary in the world) to interpret changes with connected biophysical and socio-economic systems that underscore decisions across a “continuum of urgencies” from security to sustainability time scales. The second and third volumes will emerge from presentations during the annual Arctic Frontiers Conferences in Tromsø, Norway, starting in January 2020. Volume 2 will consider circumstances associated with areas beyond sovereign jurisdictions from Arctic and non-Arctic perspectives, recognizing the international community has unambiguous rights and responsibilities in the Arctic High Seas under the law of the sea. Volume 3 is intended to synthesize insights on a pan-Arctic scale, analogous to the world ocean across all sea zones, involving decisions to achieve ongoing progress with sustainability, coupling governance mechanisms and built infrastructure. Throughout this book series, which we expect to expand beyond the Arctic, science diplomacy will be applied as an international, interdisciplinary, and inclusive (holistic) process, facilitating informed decisionmaking to balance national interests and common interests for the benefit of all on Earth across generations. With holistic integration, this book series will reveal skills, methods, and theory of informed decisionmaking that will continue to evolve, contributing to balance, resilience, and stability that underlie progress with sustainability across our home planet.
In this chapter individual values are considered as person-based predictors of acculturation attitudes. This approach revealed a motivation that underlain a choice of different strategies of intercultural interactions among ethnic minority’ members. Representatives of two generations of Russian ethnic minority in Lithuania participated in the study. Older generation was represented by respondents who were born in the Soviet period. Younger generation was represented by respondents who were born after the collapse of the USSR. The sample consisted of 336 respondents aged from 15 to 84 years: 122 males and 214 females. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The key findings of the study were as follows: positive relationship was found between Openness to Change values and integration; negative relationship was found between Self-Enhancement values and assimilation. These results were common among both generations of Russians in the context of Lithuania.
This paper examines the relationship between five group identities (ethnic, religious, republican, regional, and national) in three generations of Russians and Ossetians, living in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (RNO-A). The sample included 109 grandparent-parent-adolescent triads from Russian families and 106 such triads from Ossetian families (total N = 645). Data processing was carried out using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and correlation analysis (partial correlations) separately for Russians and Ossetians. The results showed that the pattern of correlations between group identities among three generations of Russians and Ossetians suggested two bases for identification: national (Russian) and regional (North-Caucasian). Among three generations of Russians, the republican identity (identification with the Ossetian host society) was “a bridge” between the national identity and regional identity. In Ossetian grandparents and parents, these two identifications were also linked through ethnic and religious identities, while in Ossetian adolescents, these backgrounds were separated. Intergenerational differences in group identity structures were largely caused by changes in the sociocultural context of North Ossetia in the last 70 years (a three-generation period of socialization).
This article analyzes ideological and symbolic components of political thought of M.N.Epstein. It considers the influence of the representations of American and Russian past on his political outlook, as well as the brief comparative analysis of political philosophy of M.N.Epstein and M.K.Mamardashvili regarding the categories of ‘national’ and ‘universal’.
This book brings together contributions from a group of specialists from fields ranging from history to the history of political ideas and philosophy to analyze in comparative key the conquest and colonization of America. Comparisons ranging from the sixteenth to the nineteenth; covering the north and south, they include the look of missionaries and travelers and theorists cabinet that never set foot lands; collect the thought of native and foreign to those worlds; pay attention to philosophical and historical texts, diplomatic documents and private letters: the variety of documents that legitimized the processes of conquest and colonization of the New World.
Among different important issues, which are discussed in Political Demography the issue of global ageing becomes more and more pressing every year. It is sufficient to take into account the point that within two forthcoming decades a rapid global increase in the number of retirement-age persons will lead to its doubling within this fairly small historical period. The concerns about population ageing apply to both developed and many developing countries and it has turned into a global issue. In forthcoming decades the population ageing is likely to become one of the most important processes determining the future society characteristics and the direction of technological development.
The present volume of the Yearbook (which is the fifth in the series) is subtitled ‘Political Demography & Global Ageing’. It brings together a number of interesting articles by scholars from Europe, Asia, and America. They examine global ageing from a variety of perspectives.
This issue of the Yearbook consists of two main sections: (I) Aspects of Political Demography; (II) Facing Population Ageing.
We hope that this issue will be interesting and useful both for historians and mathematicians, as well as for all those dealing with various social and natural sciences.
A resonance publication, containing criticism of the quality of Russian polls, is reviewed; doubtfulness of the critical argumentation is revealed.
We study set-valued mappings of bounded variation of one real variable. First we prove the existence of an extension of a metric space valued mapping from a subset of the reals to the whole set of reals with preservation of properties of the initial mapping: total variation, Lipschitz constant or absolute continuity. Then we show that a set-valued mapping of bounded variation dened on an arbitrary subset of the reals admits a regular selection of bounded variation. We introduce a notion of generated setvalued mappings and show that, under suitable assumptions, set-valued mappings (with arbitrary domains) which are Lipschitzian, of bounded variation or absolutely continuous are generated by certain families of mappings with nice properties. Finally, we prove a Castaing type representation theorem for set-valued mappings of bounded variation.
This empirical research includes questionnaire data of 86 new full-time employees from two companies. Significant differences were observed in self-monitoring and career anchors of three generations: Baby Boomers (1946-1964), Generation X (1965-1983), Generation Y (1984 or later), with younger generations (X&Y) being higher level of expressive controls in order to ensure appropriate or desired public appearances. Significant differences were observed in organizational culture understanding of the various generations during pre-entry as well as at the end of on-boarding period (4-6 work months).