Прецедентные феномены в интолерантных тактиках российского политического дискурса (на материале блогов политиков)
The article is devoted to the problem of the significance of precedent phenomena in the realization of intolerant tactics in blogs of Russian politicians. The precedent phenomena used in the blogs of Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Sergey Mironov, Eduard Limonov and Boris Nemtsov on the Livejournal platform in the period 2014 to 2015 constitute the object of research. The functional peculiarities of the precedent phenomena as part of intolerant tactics have been chosen as the subject of research. In the course of research it was observed that precedent phenomena are highly popular in the realisation of the discredit speech strategy, which is gained through the exploitation of the communicative tactics of humiliation, mockery and accusation and the constitutive turns. Apart from these basic tactics, other intolerant tactics like intimidation, encouraging intolerance, legitimation of intolerance, intolerance towards intolerance prove to be essential in terms of exploitation of precedent phenomena. The analysis of the realisation of intolerant tactics revealed the common functions of precedent phenomena (negative qualification, expression, mythologisation and demythologisation). It has also been observed that there are two metaphoric models involving the cognitive potential of precedent phenomena: LIFE OF ALEKSEY NAVALNY – A FAIRYTALE and MODERN UKRAINE – FASCIST GERMANY. It is concluded that intolerance as a discourse characteristic of blogs of politicians can be gained through the use of precedent phenomena in combination with cognitive metaphors and stylistic devices.