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Article

Тенденции развития международной логистической инфраструктуры контейнерных перевозок

In recent years, the huge part of freights is around the world transported in containers, and delivery vehicles, the reloading equipment and infrastructure for performance of this type of transport gained very big development. Therefore, the problem of the involvement of the Russian transport infrastructure in the transportation of goods in containers is an urgent task the domestic logistics. In Russia work on increase in volume of transfer of containers in domestic ports is conducted, however, in 2015 volumes of transportation of goods in containers through country ports significantly were reduced. Therefore, the author tries to analyze trends in the development of international transport infrastructure, providing global logistics of container cargo traffic. The analysis of infrastructure development of the largest Chinese, Indian, Mediterranean ports and terminals in Northern Europe in order to identify the possible impact of global trends on the change of container logistics, leading to a decrease in freight traffic through Russian container terminals. The analysis of infrastructure development the world's largest container terminals, providing global transport of containerized cargo traffic shows that the development of the infrastructure of container traffic in the world in the past few years, resulting in the continued growth of cargo transportation in containers. Only one of Europe's largest ports - the Port of Hamburg, is most closely associated with the largest Russian terminal in the Baltic in 2015 decreased by 8.8% compared to 2014 year. Europe's biggest port of Rotterdam, is also reduced in 2015, container traffic by 0.5% compared to 2014 year. These indicators reduce freight traffic in major European ports, providing basic streams of containers in Russia shows that the decline in the turnover of containerized cargo through Russian transport terminals arises due to selective reduction of commercial cargo in containers through Russia and occurs due to factor in trading conditions and not as a result of global trends development of global cargo flows. Therefore, to overcome the problems with the decrease of international container traffic through Russian ports need to make adjustments in the trade policy of the state.