Portfolio Optimization using the GO-GARCH model: Evidence from Ukrainian Stock Exchange
This paper provides an experimental study on optimal portfolio composition. Data on seven stocks, included in Ukrainian Exchange Index, for the period from January to December 2015 are considered.
The analysis covers descriptive statistics, correlation, and, finally, optimal investment weights, which are calculated using Sharpe ratio. Covariance matrix of returns is estimated by means of generalized orthogonal GARCH model with Gaussian and normal-inverse Gaussian distributions for errors.
Selected stocks during the considered period have on average negative rates of returns. At the same time, these stocks in most of cases are positively correlated with each other, leading hence to a fewer room for the efficient diversification.
Despite this, our results denoted that implementation of multivariate GARCH together with normal-inverse Gaussian distribution for errors enables to reduce the portfolio risk substantially. Comparing optimal GO-GARCH portfolios with naive portfolio with all weights equal and Ukrainian Exchange Index we demonstrate that the former provide smaller portfolio variance and better VaR than naïve portfolio and the index.