Характер текущего и ожидаемого дефицита профессиональных навыков и качеств работников на российском рынке труда.
This article continues the publication of results in study of employers' relation to the health protection of their employees that was performed by the National Research University at the Higher School of Economics. An Information basis of the study included the data of sociologic questioning performed in 2010 for directors of big and medium enterprises and organizations of various economy branches. The obtained results are evidence of the fact that 38% of questioned enterprises and organizations entered into contracts of voluntary medical insurance and 10% had direct agreements with medical institutions. In spite of economic crisis consequences only an insignificant part of employers reduced expenses for agreements of additional medical aid provision for their employees in 2010, or decreased a scope of employees by these agreements. The overwhelming majority of employers sow positive results in investments of own funds into additional medical aid for their employees. In a majority of cases the employers embraced all employees in agreements of voluntary medical insurance and completely paid polices. Therein the employer placed the greater financial responsibility on employees themselves the higher the level of professional risk of work is at the enterprise.
In the next chapter of the textbook on economic comparative studies explores the process of nationalization of the economy and the emergence of administrative and planning system in the USSR, analyzes form deficit economy and the peculiarities of the black market in a command economy.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.