Ситуационный подход к управлению организационнотехническими системами при планировании операции
Problem statement: the use of traditional management models is considerably limited and often made impossible because of the peculiarities of functioning of complex organizational and technical military systems. Therefore, a heuristic approach, based on knowledge and experience of decision makers, is used as the main instrument for solution searching in different problem situations. However, evident subjectivity and personal aspects of this approach make attempts to generalize and concentrate knowledge and experience of many specialists in a given subject area to be of great current interest. Situational management is engaged in resolution of problem situations, its functions are performed by officials of the military authorities. Implementation of these functions is a complex organizational and technical problem. It can be explained by a need to have descriptions and ranks of all possible problem situations, develop an algorithm to solve them, form a suitable database and also define criteria for choosing a particular solution strategy for a problem situation. This work examines a situational approach to the management of organizational and technical systems during operation planning, functional model of the situational approach to organizational and technical systems management. A scheme for problem situations classifier, which can be used to determine potential impacts on organizational and technical system and restore it or transfer it into an appropriate state, is proposed. The problem situations modeling algorithm, based on the criterion of efficiency, as well as an example implementation of the presented algorithm for automated planning of air operations’ engineering-aviation maintenance are considered in the work. Dynamics of efficiency criterion is represented in an integrated graphical form, which provides a possibility to predict the efficiency of air operations engineering-aviation maintenance. Algorithms for evaluation of problem situations during conduct of operations and also for finding preventive measures can be created with the use of the proposed approach.
The approach to the organization of the hierarchical structure of intelligent system of analysis and evaluation of onboard digital computer system’s resist to destructive electromagnetic effects is offered. The adaptive nature of the levels of the system is determined by using the intelligent tools of fuzzy logic and neural networks for solving the tasks of destructive effects’ classification and clustering on the onboard digital computer system in accordance with the signs of these effects generated by the electromagnetic effect’s sensors.
The organization of the hierarchical structure of intelligent system of analysis and evaluation of onboard digital computer system’s resist to destructive electromagnetic effects is considered. The adaptive nature of the levels of the system is determined by using the intelligent tools of fuzzy logic and neural networks for solving the tasks of destructive effects’ classification and clustering on the onboard digital computer system in accordance with the signs of these effects generated by the electromagnetic effect’s sensors.There are consideredfollowing scenariosof destructive electromagnetic effects’detection, which based on the analysis of distortion of information flow parameters, and on the basis information detection sensors.
The textbook discusses methods, tools (mathematical, information), procedures, individual and group technologies for the development and adoption of managerial decisions. As a result of studying the textbook, students will be aware of the decision-making process in organizations, its characteristics and approaches to assessing effectiveness. The publication contains reading materials, problem situations that will help learners better understand the theoretical material.
This is a textbook in data analysis. Its contents are heavily influenced by the idea that data analysis should help in enhancing and augmenting knowledge of the domain as represented by the concepts and statements of relation between them. According to this view, two main pathways for data analysis are summarization, for developing and augmenting concepts, and correlation, for enhancing and establishing relations. Visualization, in this context, is a way of presenting results in a cognitively comfortable way. The term summarization is understood quite broadly here to embrace not only simple summaries like totals and means, but also more complex summaries such as the principal components of a set of features or cluster structures in a set of entities.
The material presented in this perspective makes a unique mix of subjects from the fields of statistical data analysis, data mining, and computational intelligence, which follow different systems of presentation.
In this paper we propose the scheme of diagnosing the problem situation of complex system development based on the analysis of structural properties of a cognitive-map-based model of the system development. It allows exploring different types of problem situations related to the interaction of active agents, the adverse effect of the environment and the structural features of the system. The distinctive feature of the proposed scheme is that the problem situation is considered in the whole. This is aimed to determine priorities for problem solving, depending on their causes.
Social networks are powerful sources of data due to their popularity. Twitter is one of the networks providing a lot of data. There is need to collect this data for future usage from linguistics to SMM and marketing. The report examines the existing software solutions and provides new ones. The study includes information about the software developed. Some future features are listed.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.