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Article

Ситуационный подход к управлению организационнотехническими системами при планировании операции

Ямпольский С. М., Костенко А. Н.

Problem statement: the use of traditional management models is considerably limited and often made impossible because of the peculiarities of functioning of complex organizational and technical military systems. Therefore, a heuristic approach, based on knowledge and experience of decision makers, is used as the main instrument for solution searching in different problem situations. However, evident subjectivity and personal aspects of this approach make attempts to generalize and concentrate knowledge and experience of many specialists in a given subject area to be of great current interest. Situational management is engaged in resolution of problem situations, its functions are performed by officials of the military authorities. Implementation of these functions is a complex organizational and technical problem. It can be explained by a need to have descriptions and ranks of all possible problem situations, develop an algorithm to solve them, form a suitable database and also define criteria for choosing a particular solution strategy for a problem situation. This work examines a situational approach to the management of organizational and technical systems during operation planning, functional model of the situational approach to organizational and technical systems management. A scheme for problem situations classifier, which can be used to determine potential impacts on organizational and technical system and restore it or transfer it into an appropriate state, is proposed. The problem situations modeling algorithm, based on the criterion of efficiency, as well as an example implementation of the presented algorithm for automated planning of air operations’ engineering-aviation maintenance are considered in the work. Dynamics of efficiency criterion is represented in an integrated graphical form, which provides a possibility to predict the efficiency of air operations engineering-aviation maintenance. Algorithms for evaluation of problem situations during conduct of operations and also for finding preventive measures can be created with the use of the proposed approach.