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Article

Оккультизм и романтизм как две формы «секуляризованного эзотеризма» XIX — начала XX в.

Based upon the theories of Western researchers such as W. Hane‑ graaff, A. Faivre, and E. Asprem, the paper offers an analysis of the relationship between science and “Western esotericism” in the 19th and early 20th century. It discusses the theory of “seculariza‑ tion of Western esotericism” that led to the formation of the two new distinct forms: “romanticism” and “occultism”. The fault line that divides them was the attitude toward modern science. “Occultism” of E. Blavatsky, A. Besant, C. Leadbeater, R. Steiner, A. Saint-Yves d’Alveydre, Papus, A. Stoker, and the Society for Psychical Research, was a form of adaptation of esotericism to new scientific, positivistic worldviews and procedures. By contrast, “romanticism,” represented by the “new alchemy” and “integral traditionalism,” asserted incom‑ patibility of esotericism and science and promoted esoteric knowledge as an irreconcilable alternative to the modern worldview.