Проблемы статистического учета смертности от внешних причин в России
The mortality rate from external causes in general and individual causes within this class in Russia is two times higher than similar levels in the developed countries. However, a number of researchers who deal with medical certification of the death, have written about the underestimation of mortality from external causes such as homicides, suicides, alcohol poisonings, etc. and translating them into latent form. In this regard, on the topic of external reasons, an interview was held with leading experts in the field of demography, statistics and medicine. On the basis of studying experts' opinion article describes issues of quantitative and qualitative statistical registration of mortality from external causes in Russia. According to experts, statistics on external causes must be published on detailed codes of the ICD-10. So, despite the fact that overall levels of mortality from external causes and their types are seen on the basis of the Mortality Tabulation List of ICD-10, but it is often insufficient for a deep and detailed analysis of the mortality. The experts also opined on the reasons for the growth of injuries with undetermined intent, and ways to reduce mortality from these causes, among which the main are changing in the requirements for filling and modification of procedure for issuance of death certificates; legislative securing the position that a beginning of the investigation should serve as a statement, a message about the crime, and not a rule of procedure on the criminal case; cardinal improvement of the system of forensic examination.