Системное неравенство в образовании: сравнительная оценка грамотности в России и странах ОЭСР
In this paper authors evaluate the effectiveness of different segments and levels of Russian educational system in comparison to the educational systems of the most economically developed countries. The study of adult literacy targeted to reveal stability (or instability) of educational outcomes in long perspective in different groups, including low- and high-educated people, with modest and significant resources. Empirical basis for this research are the results of international comparative studies - the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA, all rounds with the participation of Russia), and the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). The central question of the article is whether exist specifics of Russian educational system on the macro-level in comparison to developed countries. Moreover, if such specifics can be found, what are advantages and disadvantages of the Russian education? Does educational outcomes change with time? And what are the tendencies of these changes?
The paper presents results of the OECD research project on recognition of non-formal and informal education (NIE) policy in OECD countries, implemented by the OECD Committee on Education Policy in 2006-2008 for 22 OECD member states and partner countries. Author analyses national policy practices on recognition of NIE adopted by project participating countries, compares achievements and challenges emerged in different economic, social and political contexts to implement this policy area at the national level. It elucidates the role and interests of different national stakeholders in this process, in particular the role of institutions of formal education. In conclusion the author suggests the typology of prevailing NIE models of recognition across different OECD member states and partner countries.
The article is devoted to a new type of educational programs that are formed at the intersection of higher and secondary education. Education as an institute is seen as an instrument of social stratification of society. The authors analyze the major developments of education as an institute, for instance differentiation between of academic and vocational educational programs and the creation of programs of production a “Homo habilis” — a skilled performer. Changes in the vocational education system are considered in the light of the introduction of the new educational standards FSES 2011 (Federal State Educational Standards).
The book is dedicated to problems of applying the competence-based approach in teaching a foreign language to extra-mural students of a Linguistics University. This type of education can also be successfully obtained by means of distant learning and it makes it possible to form a socially and professionally mobile (flexible) personality having the ability to develop and upgrade their professional competency by the use of modern teaching technologies. Specific features of distant learning are considered taking into account two main forms of teaching/learning process while mastering a foreign language by correspondence. Those are: tutorials at University during sessions and studying at home. An integral system of education is developed.
During the implementation of the higher education reform, aimed at applying the competence-based approach to teaching, the content and form of teaching is changing. University graduates should possess a number of skills including a good command of a foreign language. When teaching a foreign language, an important role is given to spoken and professional discourse. The task of the teacher is to select effective educational practices aimed at increasing students’ motivation to cognitive process, acquiring new knowledge, developing new skills, as well as to choose methods, activities and
Along with the fast growing economy, the term «BRICs» was coined to represent the newly emerging countries — Brazil, Russia, India and China. The enhanced economy in these countries has largely improved peoples life; at the same time, it has also strongly influenced the transformation of social structure, norms and values. However, as the worlds attention centers on their economic development at the micro level, the social changes at the micro level have often been neglected, and a specific comparative study of these four countries is even more rare. This handbooks contributing authors are leading sociologists in the four countries. They fill the gap in existing literature and examine specifically the changes in each society from the perspective of social stratification, with topics covering the main social classes, the inequality of education and income, and the different styles of consumption as well as the class consciousness and values. Under every topic, it gathers articles from authors of each country. Such a comparative study could not only help us achieve a better understanding of the economic growth and social development in these countries, but also lead us to unveil the mystery of how these emerging powers with dramatic differences in history, geography, culture, language, religion and politics could share a common will and take joint action. In general, the handbook takes a unique perspective to show readers that it is the profound social structural changes in these countries that determine their future, and to a large extent, will shape the socio-economic landscape of the future world.
The article deals with articulations of philosophical and literary dimensions in Plato. He was very early defined as the paragon of both philosopher and writer, and praised and criticized by both philosophers and philologists. A long philosophical tradition blamed him for excessive artistry and beauty. But it is obvious that we owe the perfect state of manuscripts of dialogues, as well as their vitality and viability, to their literary qualities.
This article focuses on the challenges experienced by teachers and students when designing and doing a course of legal English. Special attention is paid to teaching legal writing when preparing for the Cambridge examination in legal English (ILEC). The article considers the advantages of obtaining ILEC, its requirements in the part of legal writing and some ways to overcome difficulties in compiling a preparation course for law students. Competence-based approach is recommended to implement.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.