Системное неравенство в образовании: сравнительная оценка грамотности в России и странах ОЭСР
In this paper authors evaluate the effectiveness of different segments and levels of Russian educational system in comparison to the educational systems of the most economically developed countries. The study of adult literacy targeted to reveal stability (or instability) of educational outcomes in long perspective in different groups, including low- and high-educated people, with modest and significant resources. Empirical basis for this research are the results of international comparative studies - the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA, all rounds with the participation of Russia), and the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). The central question of the article is whether exist specifics of Russian educational system on the macro-level in comparison to developed countries. Moreover, if such specifics can be found, what are advantages and disadvantages of the Russian education? Does educational outcomes change with time? And what are the tendencies of these changes?