Социологический анализ «писем во власть» (1917-1927 годы)
Appeal to the leaders and organs of the Bolshevik government, the authors examine how the documents, which focus and connect the structure and components of mentality, social relations and political practice. Analyzing the appeal to authority period 1917-1927, the authors come to the conclusion that the priority concept of the time was "freedom". The article traces the drift of popular sentiment from the desire to overcome the bondage of the old world to the disappointment, the post-revolutionary crisis of psychology in terms of NEP.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.