О фальсификации, фабрикации и мистификации в методике: Рецензия на книгу: Рогозин Д. М., Ипатова А. А. Насколько разумна наша вера в результаты «бумажных» квартирных опросов? М.: Радуга, 2015.
A resonance publication, containing criticism of the quality of Russian polls, is reviewed; doubtfulness of the critical argumentation is revealed.
Hay marcada diferencia entre las regiones de España en las preferencias de sus habitantes en la organización territorial del Estado: - un Estado con un único Gobierno central sin autonomías, - un Estado con menor o mayor autonomía que en la actualidad, - o el que se reconociese a las comunidades autónomas la posibilidad de convertirse en los Estados independientes. Estos sentimentos y attitudes son muy politizados y la busqueda de identidades es uno de los aspectos de la turbulencia politica.
This article examines the history of causal research traditions in the social sciences. We identify two major bases for the methods and logic of causal analysis in the social sciences – experimental designs and statistical methods – and discuss the developments in these two correlated research traditions, especially the implications of these developments for the social sciences. While the focus of our discussion is on the developments in western societies, we also briefly review prominent features of causal analysis in the social sciences in non-western societies.
The article discusses the public opinion about Christian Orthodox monasteries and monasticism in contemporary Russia. The analysis is based on the results of the public opinion polls conducted in 2010–2015 by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM). Materials of the poll by Irina Aster (2009) and multimedia contest ―Russia 10‖ (2013) were also used for the analysis. The analysis shows that monasteries are considered by Russians to be one of the symbols of the country although kept in a ―passive cultural stock.‖ Educated and older respondents seem to be more familiar with famous historical monastics rather than less educated and young people. Public opinion paints the portrait of a hard-working ―prayful‖ monk, whose life choice can be explained using divergent paradigms of ―moving away‖ from the world and ―coming to‖ a monastery, the latter connected with religious and moral issues. Respondents give a wide and varied range of positive motives in joining a monastery than negative ones. However, the attitude of Russians to the potential intention of their relative to become a monk is ambiguous. Polls show a roughly equal share of those whose reaction to such a decision would be ―rather positive‖ or ―rather negative.‖ It is concluded that the image of the monk as the ―inok,‖ the religious ―other‖ is quite acceptable in the modern social and cultural sphere. Monasticism is the cornerstone of Christianity, so the transformation of this institution, as well as the dynamics of public opinion about it can demonstrate the changes in the place and role of religion in society, which is especially relevant given the decline of trust in traditional institutions in contemporary social-cultural space.
How much university students learn in their studies is highly debated and important to
understanding the value of higher education. Yet, information on learning gains at this level
are scarce. Our paper contributes to the debate by using unique data for Brazil to estimate
absolute test score gains across various fields of study in higher education and to assess
whether students who attend certain categories of programs (public/private, research/non-
research, highly selective/less selective) make greater relative gains than in others. Our results
suggest that students in STEM fields tend to have higher absolute achievement gains compared
to students in humanities and pedagogical programs, and that in a few fields, such as civil
engineering and history, the relative gains for students in highly selective programs in that field
of study are significantly higher than if they had attended somewhat less selective programs.
However, students attending lowest quintile selective programs in a field of study have
consistently lower gains across a range of study fields than similar students attending programs
just one quintile higher. The results have important implications for the equity effects of higher
The monograph is based on a thesis aimed at systematizing of theoretical ideas and practical developments of the network approach in sociology and determining its place and role in the structure of sociological knowledge. The paper analyzes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the three directions of the network approach in sociology - Social Networks Analysis (SNA), Relational Sociology and the Actor-Network Theory (ANT). The results of the research can be useful for a wide range of researchers and academic workers, as well as students of the social sciences departments, and can be used in courses on the history of sociology, modern sociological theory, methodology of sociological research, and in the implementation of empirical research.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.