Что ждет социологию: вымирание, застой или эволюция?
Based on programme thoughts expressed by C. Write Mills in his "Sociological Imagination”, the article presents a view on the future of social science, discussing several issues massively debated in recent years by sociologists. Three scenarios pointed in the headline of the article are exposed. The author advocates the implementation of the principle according to which the empirical study inextricably linked with the theoretical work; only then sociology will remain as a scientific discipline. The basis of the article served the author's acceptance speech for the award with the title of Honorary Professor of the University of Aalborg.
This small collection includes translations of Max Wber's famous works: Politics as a Vocation and Main Sociological Concepts. They were written almost simultaneously and can be seen as compliments to each other. The translator introduced the collection. In his essay he outlines main problems of Max Weber theoretical and political sociology.
This paper compares various techniques of valuating banks in Russia for empirical research purposes. From comparing the existing valuation methodologies we proceed to devise an alternative methodology of valuation that would be more rele-vant and applicable to the Russian banking industry. Our technique is based on the linkage of sales prices of banks in M&A transactions to the prices of fixed-income securities issued by these banks. The novelty of our approach lies in the utilization of a broader range of sources of price data that might prove useful in measuring investor perception of different performance characteristics of banking firms. We illustrate the application of our method with a calculation of the impact produced by the quality of corporate governance on the price of the bank measured through the price of its equity and other securities. The downside of our valuation method is being geared towards banking firms while its applicability to industrial companies remains to be researched.
The first volume contains articles devoted to the problems of sociology of space, as well as the theory and the history of sociology. The main issues considered here are the theoretical analysis of the phenomena of empire, the theoretical problems of mobility and globalization and the perspectives of sociological theory in Russia. The are followed by the articles on the value of the classical works of J.-J. Rousseau, F. Toennies, M. Weber et al. The conluding chapters are devoted to the German conservative sociology of intellectuals.
The collective monograph contributes to theoretical understanding of the mutual influences and reconfigurations of scientific and lay knowledge about society. This book summarizes the results of theoretical, historical and sociological studies of varying conceptualizations of social knowledge in different disciplinary fields of social sciences, carried out on the basis of an analysis of a representative corpus of classical and contemporary works. The contributors to this volume make use of conceptual tools of the sociology of knowledge, theoretical sociology, as well as modern methodological approaches of cognitive social science in order to attain generalizations about inner mechanisms of reciprocal influences of ordinary social knowledge and social sciences and to make first steps toward closing the lacunae in our understanding of the processes of reflective reconfiguration of scientific and common-sense knowledge about society. These processes are illustrated with examples taken from a broad range of disciplinary areas: sociology of science and social studies of professions, social ecology and bioethics, social epistemology,modern social theory and conceptions of “folk sociology”. The book is supposed to be useful to readers in many different fields of social sciences and humanities, including those studying sociology at advanced level. It also will make an immediate appeal to the general reader familiar with contemporary social theory.
The article analyzes methodological aspects of the teaching of visual sociology at the sociological departments of Russian universities. It presents two different approaches towards teaching visual sociology. The course "Sociological imagination: a practical guide to visual sociology" offered by the Sociological Department of Higher School of Economics combines the sociology and photography. The course is given by two professionals. One is a sociologist, the other is a photographer. Students choose main research question and make series of photos, which they analyze both from sociological and photographical points of view. The main idea of the course "The Development of sociological imagination through participant observation and visualization" at the Department of Sociology of Moscow State University is to develop different views of social reality with the help of participant observation and visualization. The course is based on the constructionist ideas of Pierre Bourdieu. Students develop their imagination by using photo, video and audio material. Visual images are used not only for supporting the existing phenomena of social reality but also for constructing new understandings and approaches to the same reality. They are trying to find "the unknown features in the well known context". The authors share their opinions about the main problems they face while teaching the courses and explain their methodological attitudes.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.