The chapter analyses legal status of foriegn workers in Russia, pecularities of their labour contract, social insuarance and the role and competence of governing bodies, evaluating control over the foriegn workforce
The paper presents a quantitative and qualitative analysis of small and medium enterprises of the Volga federal district of the Russian Federation (further SMB VFD RF) from 2008 to 2011. Certain tendencies of formation of structure of the capital are revealed by these business entities. Using a regression analysis the assessment of influence of change of a rate on a profit tax on structure of the capital of SMB VFD RF is carried out. In assessing the impact of structure of the capital on the cost of business it is revealed that SMBs effectively operate a ratio between own and loan sources of financing, both for tax optimization, and for timely fast closing of the organization without essential losses for owners.
Is picked the logic of forming the financial value of the bank interaction with small and medium-sized businesses.
At the enterprises integrated into structure of multinational corporations, high-quality changes of the labor relations are observed. How traditional trade union' practices adapt to policy and actions of the new owner? What problems are generated by this interaction? How priorities and forms of trade-union organization work are changing? The author offers answers to these questions, analyzing Samara Metallurgical Plant experience.
In the collection proceedings of XI scientific-practical conference @Management of Small and Medium Business^ Re-engineering@ are represented.
Agenda: 1.Introduction to Controlling in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises 2.Financial aspects: Profit and Cash Flow 3.Non-financialAspects in Controlling 4.Setting the right Selling Price 1.Product Calculation 2.Target Costing
This paper aims to explain the characteristics and internal mechanisms of protest activity and solidarity among Russia’s industrial workers over the past two decades. Both academic discussions and officials’ attitudes toward protests prove contradictory. Even in periods of increase, labor activism has remained limited. Yet authorities continue to show concern about real and potential discontent, while academics puzzle over the dominance of quiescence as well as the reasons for sporadic activism. The research presented in this article advances our understanding of both: the limits of protest, and the causes, forms and goals of Russian labor’s periodic collective activism. We rely on a combination of available statistical and recent survey data to try to resolve the paradoxes of labor’s quiescence and conflict, as well as elites’ neglect and concern. The research finds changes in patterns of labor activism over the two decades. During the 1990s, most strikes were limited, defensive, managed, or desperate in character. In Russia’s recovered economy, from 2006 a qualitatively different, “classical” pattern of strikes and labor relations emerged. Workers’ collective actions mainly affected large, profitable industrial and transnational enterprises and took the form of “normalized” bargaining and conflict between labor and management. With the 2008–09 recession workers returned to the defensive strategies of the 1990s, protesting wage cuts and factory closures. Survey research from 2010 shows workers to be almost evenly divided between groups with positive and negative attitudes toward solidarity and bargaining.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.