Новые водоразделы в российском обществе: попытка реконструкции
Evaluation of the sub-national level democracy in the context of the postcommunist transition calls for tools relevant to this specific case. In the article a new index is suggested for evaluating democratic and authoritarian trends in postcommunist Russia at the sub-national level; N. Petrov’s hypothesis about partial democratization in authoritarian regions during early 2000s is verified. The article presents the index structure, its theoretical argumentation (concepts of R. Dahl, T. Vanhanen, G. Almond and S. Verba, A. Hirschman), methods of calculation, and general results and conclusions for the period from 1997 to 2015. Prospects and limitations of the democracy index proposed are discussed through the example of Ukraine.
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the content and approaches to the study of Russian political culture from the standpoint of the modern heuristic potential of Russian historical and political science presented in the book by A. Lukin and P. Lukin "Mind Russia to understand. Post-Soviet political culture and national history." The authors seek to present an objective and unbiased analysis of the political culture of post-Soviet Russia through a retrospective of such significant periods of the Russian history as Veliky Novgorod and the Soviet era. One of the authors of the book is a medieval historian, specializes at studying the "West", speaks European languages, works in Germany and Eastern Europe; another is an international political analyst, is an expert on researching the "East", has experience working in the UK, the US and China. Knowledge of various languages, the ability to work with various sources and literature, and acquaintance with dissimilar historical and cultural traditions helped the authors to complement each other in their desire to look at Russia as objectively as possible.
The idea for this book concerns the Northern Black Sea in antiquity. It is published in memory of Heinz Heinen, who was writing on the Roman Imperial period in the Northern Black Sea region for this volume and planned to call his chapter "The Long Way to Pontic Unity". Later, at any rate, he admitted that the term "unity" did not seem adequate to him: "Pontic Networks", he said, would be "more realistic". The piece was never written - Professor Heinen died in July 2013 - but his deliberation on his chapter's title reflects the ideas that permeate the entire book. The question of identity is one of many addressed in several chapters of this book. Together, the nine chapterd comprising the volume cover a broad variety of topics, but by no means offer ab exhaustive study of the region.
The monograph is devoted to the study of the legal and political culture of Ukrainian society in the context of modernization of political and legal life, the formation of legal competence of the individual, tolerance and consensual practices in the value structure of the legal culture of society, ideological imperatives of political culture in the context of the formation of social identity, the influence of the "Revolution of dignity" on both political and legal field of Ukraine.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.
The chapter aims at tracing the influnce of the Enlightenment ideas on the policies, political culture and reforms in 18th century European countries.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.