Традиционные скотоводы Восточной Африки сегодня: репродуктивный успех, плодовитость, детская смертность и благосостояние датога Северной Танзании
This study analyzed the characteristics of the population of one of the poorest marginalized pastoralists in East Africa – Datoga of Northern Tanzania. Our data were collected during field research in Nothern Tanzania in 2006– 2010. In total, the sample for analysis was 688 people (358 female and 330 male) aged 6 to 90 years. Information on reproduction and survival, the main activities (pastoralism, blacksmithing, agriculture), the number and type of livestock has been obtained in the process of personal interviews. Our data of survival and reproductive characteristics of Datoga confirm their marginal position in modern Tanzania, and indicate an extremely hostile environment for this ethnic group in the region. Datoga practice the traditional model of marriage and reproduction in current condition of changes in the political and economic situation in the northern Tanzania.