Социальное конструирование этничности
Understanding of ethnicity as socially designed marker of distinctions, which organizes and explains character of social interactions is presented in the article. Constructing assumes process of a categorization and attributing of senses to observable signs, their fixing as an ethnicity. At the same time, the theoretical concept of ethnicity isn't strictly built. There are difficulties with a clear understanding of criteria of effectiveness of ethnicity as social construct. Search and analysis of the mechanisms underlying activation of social nature of ethnicity are important. Allocation of social fields and the practices in which ethnicity is used as social construct are also important. Possible solution of the problem of operationalization of ethnicity as a social construct is offered in the article, and also social fields in which construct functions are shown.