Взаимосвязь целостности группы и эффективности групповой деятельности
The studies of group cohesion and perceived integrity conducted by different researchers within the frame of two approaches to understanding group integrity problem are compared in the article. Causes and consequences of group integrity development are reviewed. The relationship between this construct and the efficiency of group activity are considered. The framework that comprises such widely used in social psychology concepts as group cohesion, group integrity and perceived group integrity is proposed.
The paper reviews contemporary research of group helping behavior - help for some members of outgroup or outgroup as a whole. Various forms of selfish helping (help, contrary to stereotypes, defensive help) and factors of intensity of the helping behavior are analyzed. In conclusion, describes the limitations of existing studies
Purpose. This study investigated the relationship between the socio-psychological factors and the three forms of organizational commitment (Meyer and Allen’s model) among Russian business organizations’ employees. Methodology. Socio-psychological factors were used as independent variables in the study while organizational commitment forms were used as the dependent variables. Data was gathered from a random sample of 90 employees (managers and specialists) of the various companies. A questionnaire consisting of two-parts was used for data collection. To gather biographical and occupational data first part was used. Second part of questionnaire included eight techniques: Social Support scale of «Work Design Questionnaire», «Group Cohesiveness Scale», «Trust in Organization Scale», «Survey of Perceived Organizational Support», «Distributive, Procedural, and Interactive Justice Scale», questionnaire for identify the perceived prestige of the organization. To measure organizational commitment, Meyer and Allen’s (1993) 18-item 7-point scale was used. Data analysis was done by means of various statistical techniques, including the Pearson Correlation Technique and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results indicated that there is positive correlation between affective and normative organizational commitment and social involvement in the organization, the level of group cohesion, and trust in the organization, the degree of positive perception of the external prestige of the organization, perceived organizational support, and organizational justice. Implication for practice. The paper therefore recommends that managers must to facilitate socio-psychological factors in their companies, but especially group cohesion and perceived prestige of the organization.
The article describes the analysis of Western studies of collective action. Social identity, group efficiency and relative deprivation are considered as the main predictors of collective action. Models of collective action are described also. In conclusion future directions of investigations are analyzed.
The results of research of different areas of personality of homeless men: values, life attitudes, activity, homelessness area is presents. The data indicate the presence of a number of characteristics inherent in varying degrees all homeless people. The data obtained can be used to build an effective program of psychological re-socialization of homeless people.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.